Titay Local Shelter Plan Chapter 1 Continuation

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.6 Shelter Planning Process

1.6.1 Key players, Roles & Responsibilities.  The keys actors  and their respective involvement or roles in the crafting of the Local Shelter Plan are enumerated below:

  • Local Chief Executive (describe his roles in the crafting the LSP)
  • Sangguniang Bayan
  • Department Heads (describe their roles in the crafting the LSP)
  • Municipal Planning & Development Office
  • Municipal Engineering Office
  • Municipal Assessor’s Office
  • Municipal Social Welfare & Development Office
  • HUDCC Region IX

The Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) Region IX rendered the necessary technical assistance through the conduct of a training workshop on the formulation of the Local Shelter Plan.

  • The housing agencies in Region IX

The housing agencies under the umbrella of HUDCC gave an extensive orientation on their various programs and assistance that the LGU can avail.  These are in the form of technical assistance, financing through loans and also grants from the National Housing Authority, Pag-IBIG Fund, Social Housing Finance Corporation and the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board.

1.6.2 The Process.  Figure 1 shows the shelter plan formulation process basically involves six main activities: data gathering, situational analysis, goal and objectives formulation, generation of shelter strategies; preparation of an implementation plan; and designing of monitoring and evaluation of scheme. A flow chart which includes the other but equally important sub-activities to complete the whole process can be found in Figure 1.

The first main activity is Data Gathering. It involves retrieving documents and gathering information from different agencies which will be the basis of computation or inputs for analysis.

The second main activity is undertaking a Situational Analysis which is  a process of looking into the current housing situation, e.g., housing need; housing-related problems of the locality; and the type of assistance the LGU can extend. In this phase, an assessment of affordability and resources is done. This is a critical activity as the information and outputs of this particular phase will be the basis for formulating the main strategies.

The third main activity is Goal and Objectives Formulation wherein the vision, goals, objectives or targets of the local housing programs are set. This activity is an essential step in preparing local shelter plans because it provides the planners and evaluators of the housing program with a clear perspective of the desired change and the processes involved.

The fourth main activity is Generating Shelter Strategies. This is undertaken after the planner has been informed on the shelter needs of the city/municipality and a conclusion has been arrived at after an analysis of affordability and resource requirements has been done.

The fifth main activity is Developing the Implementation Plan. Whereas in formulating strategies the planner answers the question: “HOW CAN THE PROBLEM BE SOLVED?” the implementation plan answers the question: “WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE?” by outlining the details involved in actually undertaking the strategy.

The sixth and last main activity is formulating the Monitoring and Evaluation System which will provide the implementors immediate and relevant information to ensure effective and efficient delivery of shelter and shelter-related services.

Figure 1. Flow Chart of Activities (Posted Later)

Structure and Timeframe of the Shelter Plan.

Structure. The Local  Housing Board recommends/recommended to the Sangguniang Panlungsod the approval and adoption of the plan, as well as the creation of a housing office that will implement the housing projects that will lead towards the realization of the LSP. These will be/were translated by the Local Chief Executive into an ordinance / Ordinance No. _____.

Time Frame. The plan has a timeframe of nine (10) years, covering the period 2016 to 2025.  This is broken down into three Planning Periods, namely:

  1. First Planning Period covering 2016 to 2018
  2. First Planning Period covering 2016 to 2018
  3. Second Planning Period covering 2019 to 2021
  4. Third Planning Period covering 2022 to 2025

Titay Local Shelter Plan Chapter 1- Introduction



1.1  Rationale:  The formulation of this Local Shelter Plan is a joint undertaking between the Municipality of Titay and the housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council Region IX . This plan was evolved pursuant to the law  that all must have a shelter plan and this plan must be incorporated in the comprehensive Land Use Plan. rationale

Shelter planning has primarily been the responsibility of national government agencies until the passage of the Local Government Code of 1991 (Republic Act 7160) and the Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992 also known as Republic Act 7279.

Added to these two laws are two other related and more recent issuances. The Climate Change Act of 2009 (Republic Act 9279) which provides the legal platform for Philippine local governments to observe good practices and pursue innovations on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction, and The Disaster Risk Reduction Act of 2010 ( Republic Act 10121) which upholds the people’s constitutional rights to life and property by addressing the root causes of vulnerabilities to disasters, strengthening the country constitutional capacity for disaster risk reduction and management and building the resilience of local communities to disasters including climate change impacts.

With the passage of these laws more responsibilities were passed to the LGUs pertaining to land use, housing and infrastructure development in their respective  localities.  As such, the LGUs will become the principal implementing body with regard to addressing shelter needs.

1.2 Vision:  Titay Envision to be a growth center of Rubber base producing municipality of the province and a progressive peaceful self sufficient and God centered community with empowered healthy people supporting of committed and responsible governance for a balance development.

1.3 Goal/s:

  1. To provide decent affordable and ciliate change adaptive shelter that has adequate facilities towards of a livable and socially residential.
  1. To institutionalize the mechanism to implement the municipality of Titay, ZSP shelter Plan and other related programs, projects and activities.

1.4 Objectives

  1. To develop 09 hectares of land for housing and resettlement beginning 2016 until 2025;
  2. To reduce the doubled-up households by 14 units (annually) between 2016 and 20118;
  3. To reduce the displaced households by 1,064 between 2016_and 2025;
  4. To bring down the number of households needing land tenure upgrading by 87 units (annually) from 2016 and 2018;
  5. To maintain access roads to all barangays) from  2016_and 2025.
  6. To maintain existing drainage system to entire municipality from  2016_and 2025 To provide access to power and connect 38 households (annually)  from  2016 and 2018;
  7. To upgrade / provide access to potable water to 34 households (annually) from  2016_and 2018;
  8. To upgrade / provide sanitation facility to 1,807 households (annually) from  2016_and 2018.
  9. To ensure proper garbage disposal of all households ;
  10. To facilitate access to employment and income generating activities of 3,636 household-beneficiaries .

1.5 Target Population.  The target population that the LSP addresses constitute the backlog households, and households due to the future need.

Target Population subject for the 10 year shelter plan are those backlog having 1,064 HH’s found along national highway affected with road widening, 28 HH as computed and resulted from double up or HHs sharers, 0 (Zero ) HH from the homeless and the future need having 2,544 HH due to population growth which made up of 3,636 households as the target population and considered as informal settlers from year 2016 to 2025.

The informal settlers are the primary beneficiary of the municipal government shelter program  and so far,  majority of them have marginal and informal sources of income.

Household Affected due to the ff: No. of House Hold(HH)
1.Duoble up (.27% of House Hold) 28


            3.Displaced 1,064

           4.Population Growth

Total 3,636


Titay Local Shelter Plan (Preface)


          (Abstract, List of Acronyms and Foreword)

This is the formulated Local Shelter Plan for the municipality of Titay. Once adopted by the town, it will serve as the bases of implementation of housing needs of displaced units. When it comes on providing shelter needs of these different types of income group who are consider as displaced households, this formulated local shelter plan of this municipality recommended as a guide or one of the bases of other agencies such as housing developers  and housing contractors to augment with their respective plans, since this plan is likely to be implemented by the LGU in addressing the displaced units pursuant to the Local Government Code 1991 (Republic Act 7160), and the Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992 also known as Republic Act 7279.

This Local Shelter Plan sets forth a recommended course of action which may be readily implemented or halfway implemented by the LGU in minimizing hazards to life and property. While this plan has been recommended, it was understood that the plan is merely advisory in nature. This plan is not intended to replace the scope or range of judgment to be exercised by those agencies/individuals implementing the plan in a given particular circumstances.  Rather, this plan is intend to provide range of recognized guidelines which are uniform and may be implemented in half or in full depending to some circumstances.

In the final analysis, however, the success of any plan remains in the firm description and judgment of the displaced households. With this in mind that the local shelter plan offers the advisory framework within which recommend action that guides the LGU when deciding appropriate response of shelter needs. The town of Titay has displaced households that anytime will be advised for relocation as the way in the case of the occupants occupying municipal roads for widening. Effective shelter plan are dependent upon the coordination and cooperation of all the various public and private agencies that involved on it.

It is wise to presume that every income group has their specific requirements to address their shelter needs and the LGU, implementing agencies and or housing developers must to consider.

Implementing Agency must recognized this shelter plan in the town of  Titay pursuant to the Local Government Code of  1991 (Republic Act 7160) and the urban Development  and housing Act of 1992 also known as Republic Act 7279.

The Local Shelter Plan will be launched on year 2016-2025 as an instrument of humanitarian response to the displaced units in the municipality.  Displaced Households is also considered as one of the  humanitarian crisis that needs to be addressed sooner but not later, and these mostly occurred in urban and or urbanizing areas such as Titay, which is a 2nd class municipality and adjacent to a booming municipality which is Ipil, where people expert to find easier access to opportunities be it of social or economic in nature.

Titay Local Shelter Plan (Abstract, List of Acronyms and Foreword)


The Titay Local Shelter Plan is formulated to address the shelter needs of household that have displaced units in the municipality. This plan will provide information on the analysis of the present local housing situation the identification of housing problems upgrading and future housing needs, household’s affordability and local resources such as land, provision of basic services and finance. It also contains the main shelter strategies and a corresponding implementation plan which provides the details of actions needed to realize the housing objectives.

This paper formulates a ten year plan to respond the housing needs of the households having their units situated in a lot not of their own but belong to someone else or private individual and or by the government. It is expected also that this paper will enable the LGU to effectively implement its new mandates of local shelter plan.

This Local Shelter Plan is to give shelter strategy making a plan action which defines the objectives for the development of shelter conditions; identifies the resources available to meet the objectives and the means by which they can be used most cost- effectively. It also sets out the responsibilities and time frame for implementing the various measures.

List of Acronyms

  • CC VAA – Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptability Assessment
  • CISFA – Comprehensive and Integrated Shelter and Financing Act
  • CHO – Municipal Health Center
  • CLUP – Comprehensive Land Use Plan
  • DENR – Department of Environment and Natural Resources
  • DPWH – Department of Public Works and Highways
  • FIES – Family Income and Expenditure Survey
  • GK – Gawad Kalinga
  • HDMF – Home Development Mutual Fund
  • HH – Household
  • HUDCC – Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council
  • IRA – Internal Revenue Allotment
  • ISF – Informal Settler Families
  • LCE – Local Chief Executive
  • LCMP – Local Community Mortgage Program
  • LGU – Local Government Unit
  • LSP – Local Shelter Plan
  • NHA – National Housing Authority


As anyone running a household should know a shelter is among of the basic needs or among the family’s most important needs just like food and clothing.

Titay Local Shelter plan is a plan on how to address displaced units found in the municipality. Facilitating shelter to everyone in a right based in which International Human Rights Law recognized everyone’s right to an adequate standard of living, including adequate housing.

Local Shelter Plan of LGU Titay is the housing plan showing how necessary is to have a shelter plan especially to the displaced Households that are found along national highway of this municipality. This is a plan to be implemented and suits to the municipality and to the displaced households which are the very concern of it and why this plan was formulated. Here it shows that the shelter to be provided  for are suits to the different types of income groups and situated in a place where the tenure is secured and  with basic needs such as water, access to roads, power, sanitation, and more.  The very concern of this shelter plan is about the displaced units that soon will affect the flow of peace and order of the municipality, and this has been addressed with a ten (10) year plan from the year 2016 to 2025.  And this  plan is answering these questions:

How will the LGU treat the displaced units found in the municipality?

How the LGU facilitates the displaced households that needs tenurial upgrading.?

How the LGU provides a livable dwelling units for a typical Filipino family?

Moreover, it shows how the LGU  respond to the challenges facing the country including climate change in relation to low cost housing units specifically to all types of income group that have displaced units along national highway.