“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “
Review of Related Literature and Studies
Renee E. Sieving, Maria E. Eisenberg, Sandra Pettingell and Carol Skay, Volume 38, Number 1, March 2006 “ Friends’ Influence on adolescents’ First Sexual intercourse,” stressed that on their study showed that in the 9-18 months between Waves 1 and 2.18% of participants initiated intercourse. In analyses controlling for gender, family structure and romantic relationships, the higher the proportion of a youth’s friends who were sexually experienced, the greater odds of sexual debut (odds ratio, 1.01), the odds also were elevated among youth who believed that they would gain other friends’ respect by having sex (1.2). Relationships between friend variables and sexual initiation did not vary by level
of involvement with friends. They concluded that to maximize the likelihood of success, programs focused on delaying teenage sexual intercourse, should address norms for sexual behavior among adolescents’ close friends as well as the perceptions, skills and behaviors of individual youth.
( R. Fernandez 2001), having a study of minority adolescents found that the number of sexually active girlfriends was positively associated with permissive sexual attitudes, intentions for future sexual activity and non-marital childbearing. Other risk behaviors have an impact as well. When a teen’s friends are not attached to school, have poor grades, abuse drugs or engage in delinquent behaviors, there is a greater likelihood that the teen will become sexually active at an early age. It is interesting to note that it is not only the actual behavior of peers, but the assumption of certain behaviors by peers, that influence adolescent sexual activity. (Whertheimer, 2000; Kirby, 2001). The perception of normative sexual attitudes and behavior is closely associated to the teen’s own attitudes and behavior. When teens believe – correctly or not – that their peers are having sex, they are more likely to have sex. When teens believe that their peers support contraceptive use, they are more likely to use contraception .The effect of peer influence may depend on the teen’s other sources of information on sex.
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Chapter 2-Church Involvement;
Chapter 2-Effects of Pregnancy and Justification
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