Local Shelter Plan – Assessment of Shelter Need, the Chapter 3

                   CHAPTER 3


3.1 Assumptions and Definitions

This portion covers the discussions on the assumptions and definitions used in the plan, the current housing situation, the need for new units due to backlog and population growth, and the upgrading needs.

Oftentimes, data are outdated, not available or unreliable.  These are the usual reasons why the planner has to make assumptions.  There are also some terms that need to be defined in order for the readers to understand these words in the context of local shelter planning.

Definition of Terms. The housing parlance is quite complicated; thus, in order to have a common understanding of the terms used in this plan, relevant terms are hereby defined:

Affordability – the potential amount of income that could be made available for housing investment after excluding basic necessities such as food, clothing, education, medical expenses, transportation, income tax and recurrent costs of housing (electricity, water, garbage disposal).

Backlog –  is the number of dwelling units needed at the beginning of the planning period due to doubled-up HHs, displaced units and homeless HHs/individuals

Displaced units (relocation need) – Units located a) in danger areas such as esteros, railroad tracks, garbage dumps, river banks and flood prone areas or households/individuals living in public places such as sidewalks, roads, parks, play grounds, b) in areas where government infrastructure projects are to be implemented, and c) in areas where there is a court order for eviction and demolition.


Base Year – is the year before the first planning period or the last census year.

Doubled-up households – also known as double occupancy, exists when one dwelling unit is shared by two or more households

Future Need – refers to the number of new dwelling units needed to supply the demand of new household formed due to population increase.

Homeless – are the individuals or households living in parks, along sidewalks, and all those without any form of shelter.

Household – as defined by NSO is a social unit consisting of a person or a group of person who sleep in the same dwelling unit and have common arrangement for the preparation and consumption of food.

Housing Stock – is the number of occupied dwelling units at the beginning of the 1st planning period.  It can be computed as the number of households during the beginning of the first planning period minus the number of homeless households and/or individuals, and divide the difference by the number of households per dwelling unit.

Planning Period – period covers the duration that will be needed to realize the housing vision of the LGU.

Program Period – Program period is the time frame set by the LGU to meet the target housing needs due to backlog, population growth and upgrading needs.

Shelter needs – 1.) the new housing units needed (lot, basic services and dwelling unit) and 2.) the upgrading needs (either land tenure, some of basic services, or structural improvement of unit or combinations of these).

Upgrading Need – is defined as the need for improving land tenure status, e.g., provision of minimum security of tenure as in a written contract on possessing a title to the land; access to basic services, e.g., macadam road to paved road; and house condition, e.g., from a semi-permanent structure to a permanent one.

Basic Data, Definitions and Assumptions:

  1. Planning Period is from 2016 – 2025 (10 years) This should be in tune with the coverage of the CLUP
  1. The population growth rate is 2.189 % based on NEDA population data and will remain constant throughout the planning period.
  1. Housing Stock is computed to be 10,056. This is derived from the number of households (10,084) minus homeless households (0) and divided by the ratio of households per dwelling unit (1.0027). Ratio of HH/DU is based on 2010 NSO data.
  1. Household size of 4.92 based on NSO 2007 data, will remain the same throughout the 10-year planning period.
  1. There is no homeless households in the Municipality .
  1. Number of households needing relocation (displaced units) totals to 1,064. They are found in the following areas:
  1. Adequate land tenure refers to lands that are being owned, amortized, and covered by lease or usufruct agreements.
  1. Number of Households needing tenurial upgrading totals to 87 . They are composed of both on-site and qualified recipients of LGU housing assistance by allowing them to own the said lot and facilitating them to secure their own land title.
  1. Adequate power supply is defined as having the presence of primary and secondary lines of a legitimate power provider in the area.
  1. Adequate potable water supply is water from the local water district (Titay-Ipil Water District).
  1. Unadequate sanitary facility refers to water-sealed toilet with depository that a household was not using.
  1. Regular garbage collection by the garbage trucks (7-times a week) and the Material Recovery Facility (MRF) in the rural barangays, and composting in the upland and interior barangays, are considered as adequate garbage disposal system.
  1. Adequate drainage system well-maintained by the Local Government Unit.
  1. Adequate road access.
  1. There is no dilapidated or condemned housing which do not have proper roofing, walling and flooring materials structures subject for upgrading.
  1. The target HH beneficiaries’ income groupings are based on the information gathered Municipal Planning Development Council (MPDC). Below are the assumed income groups and its composition:

1st Income group – families of farm workers/trisikad/ tricycle drivers odd jobs earning P6,690 and below monthly

2nd Income group – families of tricycle operators/casual workers, small businessmen/ vendors earning P6,691-P15,000 monthly.

3rdIncome group –families of permanently employed skilled laborers earning P15,001-P30,000 monthly

4thIncome group – OFW-supported families receiving P30,001-P45,000 monthly

5th Income group – families of professionals / supervisors earning P45,001-P60,000 monthly

6th Income groups – families of highly paid professionals and entrepreneurs whose monthly earnings exceed P60,000.

  1. Potential percentage of income for upgrading or new housing is estimated as follows:
  • 1st Income group – 8% (house rental 5%, alcoholic beverage 2%, tobacco 1%)
  • 2nd Income group – 8% (house rental 4.5%, alcoholic beverage 1%, gifts 0.5%, tobacco 1%, special occasion 1%)
  • 3rd Income group – 10% (house rental 5%, alcoholic beverage 1%, gifts 1%, tobacco 1%, special occasion 1%, other expenditures 1% )
  • 4th Income group – 10% (house rental 5%, alcoholic beverage 1%, gifts 0.5%, tobacco 0.5%, special occasion 1%, other expenditures 2%)
  • 5thIncome group – 16%(house rental 8%, alcoholic beverage 1%, gifts 1.5%, tobacco 1.5%, special occasion 2%, non-durable equipment 2%


  • 6th Income group – 12% (house rental 10%, house repair and maintenance 2%

3.2- Current Housing Situation.

The year 2010 (the base year in the Planning Period for the Local Shelter Plan) had shown dramatic growth in terms of catering the needs of informal settlers such as settlers found at lot owned by LGU, and along the national highway from Barangay Moalboal to Barangay Palomoc.

The gathered data magnifies the urgent need for all sectors to join hands and exert a unified effort to effect meaningful changes to secure levels of sustainable housing development program for future generation, a program, which also attunes itself to the town economic development and growth just as it works tirelessly towards the legislation of a child friendly and resilient sensitive housing policies.

3.2.1-  Backlog

The table below shows the compositions of the 1,092 units of backlog.  The backlog is therefore composes of displaced units with a total of 1,064 households, the doubled-up units or sharers, having a total of 28 households and  it is assumed that homeless HHs is to be zero because there are no manifestations of literally homeless people in the municipality. These data reveal that 97 % of the backlog comprises the displaced units, 3% only is for doubled-up and  it is assumed that homeless HHs is to be zero (0%).  The table further reveals that on the 2nd program period (2018-2019), 14 new units have to be produced annually to serve the doubled-up households, while 122 and 233 units have to be provided annually from 2016 to 2018 and 2019-2021 respectively to address the needs of the displaced households.

Table 15 – NEW HOUSING UNITS NEEDED Due to Backlog

            Note: As computed                         

The chart below is vividly showing  the new units needed due to backlog in percent (%) and that has been participated by displaced HHs came from different barangays which comprises of 97%, while the doubled up has got its portion of 3% and zero (0%) for the homeless.

Figure 9 – New housing units needed due to backlog  participated by Displaced Units by Barangays, the Doubled-up and the Homeless by Percent (%).

The chart below shows that out of 97% of Backlog, there are six barangays affected and the Barangay Palomoc has the highest new housing units needed having 27% (299 units), followed by Barangay Kitabog of 26% (280 units) and next to Kitabog is barangay Poblacion having  19% (191 units), the barangay Namnama is 17% (191) units, the Barangay Moalboal is 4% (49) units, the Barangay Poblacion Muslim has 3% (37 units) as the least of all the barangays having displaced units affected with road widening and found along the national highway, while the doubled up is just like the barangay Poblacion Muslim who has its share of 3%, and the homeless is zero (0%).

Barangay Palomoc and Namnama show that they are the 1st and 4th dense among the Barangays having displaced HHs and at the same time they are somewhere at the periphery of one of the fault lines traversing the municipality in relation to road widening and situate along the most impact portion of fault line.  (See Map – 7). 

Figure  10 – Distribution of the New Housing Needs Due to Backlog  by the Different  Barangays, the Doubled-up and the Homeless in Percent (%). 

3.2.2 – Future Need  Population Projection and Household Projection In Relation to Future Needs

Table below shows that the Population and Household Projection were based to the annual increased of 2.189% as per  population growth rate of the municipality of Titay from NEDA  population data and will remain constant throughout the planning period from year 2016-2025. These projections will be used for  Planning and Program Period in response to the number of new dwelling units needed to supply the demand of new household formed due to population increased.

Year 2015 is the based year of the Planning Period which has a projected 10,522 households using the 4.92 household size and this will be used until year 2025.  The year 2016 is 10,752 HHs and that would be keep increasing up to 13,066 HHs on the year 2025 which is the last year of the program period.

Table  16 – Population  and Household Projection and Yearly Increased of HHs 2016-2025

The Table below shows  the projected population of 2016, 2021 and 2025 (Please refer to Table 15) using the year 2015 as the base year. This projected population will be used to determine the number of projected household for the above mentioned Planning Periods using the average 4.92 HH size.

Table – 17  Population Projections – Future Need and the Projected Population Growth

Table below shows the Total number of household every Planning Period of 2016-2018, 2019-2021 and 2022-2025.  The average annual population growth rate of the municipality is computed to be 2.189 per cent.  Using this growth rate, the population was projected for the planning period 2016-2025 and the corresponding increase in the number of households or what is likewise referred to as future need, was computed to be 2,544 units. This translates to an estimated of 235 households annually for the first planning period (2016-2018), 251 households annually for the second planning period (2017-2019), and 271 households in the third planning period (2022-2025).

Table – 18 New units needed due to FUTURE NEED (Population Growth)

Source: As Computed

Summary of new units needed.

Table below shows that the total new units needed due to backlog and future growth or population increase for the period 2016-2025, is 3,636 units.  The table likewise presents that the bulk of the need to be addressed by the plan which is 40% (1,466) units falls within the 2nd  planning period; and the rest of the planning period are 29.87% (1,086) units and 29.82% (1,084) units on the 1st and 2nd Planning Period respectively.

Housing units should be made available for these 3,636 displaced units need to be relocated to a suitable site which give them secure tenure and decent shelter, as well as the sharers should be provided with their own dwelling units because ideally, one house should be occupied by only one household.

Table 19 – Summary of new units needed (due to backlog and population growth)

Source: As Computed

The planners decided to prioritize the displaced households over the doubled-up in terms of provision of shelter because their situation demands urgency due to road widening. This is the reason why addressing their need for shelter immediately starts in 2016. The doubled-up households will be attended on 2018-2019 since it is assumed that, while they are still sharing a home with another household, their lives and properties are in no immediate danger.

The table below shows that 2nd year of planning (2019-2021) has the bulk to be addressed and that is came from doubled up or sharers of 14 units, has displaced units of Poblacion, Namnama, Palomoc with 208, 191, 299 units respectively and increased of population growth on the year 2019, 2020 and 2021 having 246, 251 and 257 units respectively  that makes a  total of 1,466 units thus; for the whole program period, the planners assumed that 3,636 displaced units will be addressed gradually before the end of 2025.

Table 20 – Total New Units Needed  Due To Backlog and Population Growth

3.2.3– Upgrading Needs  

Cover three main categories of needs: tenure upgrading need, infrastructure upgrading needs and structural upgrading needs. Tenure Upgrading.

The table below shows that there are 87 tenurial settlers and it is .87% of 10,056 housing stock. These future needs will be addressed within 3 years of 30, 29 and 28 units of the year 2016, 2017 and 2018 respectively. The Planners has come to a decision and able to come up a plan to upgrade the status of these households between 2016 and 2025.  This is translated to assist an average of 29 households annually in accessing security of land tenure through the facilitation of the LGU on securing titles and some other paper shows ownership of the said parcels.

Table 21- Tenure Upgrading Needs – Infrastructure/Basic Services Upgrading (Units Without Electricity)

The table below shows the households need upgrading on electric current. There are 115 units were found for upgrading and it is 1.14% of the housing stock and these will be addressed within 3 years  of 38, 39 and 38 units for the year 2016, 2017 and 2018 respectively.

Table 22 – Infrastructure Need on Units Without Electricity

Infrastructure Need on Units Without Electricity
2.  Infrastructure Need % of housing stock Total Annual Program Period
q  Units w/o electricity
1.14% 115 38 2016
39 2017
38 2018
Housing Stock = 10,056 – Infrastructure/Basic Services Upgrading (Units Without Water Supply)

The table below shows the households needs upgrading on Water Supply. There are 100 units were found for upgrading and it is .99% of the housing stock and these will be addressed within 3 years  and 33, 34 and 33 units for the year 2016, 2017 and 2018 respectively. The planners are confident that within 3 years this problem will be addressed considering that Titay is rich of water source and out of that sources, Titay has supplied potable water  for the municipality of Ipil.

Table 23-  Infrastructure Need on Units Without Water Supply – Infrastructure/Basic Services Upgrading On Units without Sanitation

The Table below shows that there has 5.4%  or 5,421 HHs  need sanitation in relation to “toilet bowls”.  The annual target that the LGU can address is 1,807 HHs within a planning period of 3 years from 2016-2018.

Table 23 – Infrastructure Need on Units Without Sanitation – Infrastructure/Basic Services Upgrading ( No upgrading on Road Access)

There has no units needed for upgrading. Titay governance is very particular on road infrastructure and because of this reason, the Local Government of Titay purchased heavy equipments needed to maintain and clear all the road access to all barangays such as bulldozers, graders, back hoes and others.


Table 25- All Units have Adequate Road Access– Infrastructure/Basic Services Upgrading ( No upgrading on Garbage Collection and Disposal )

There has no units needed for upgrading in relation to Garbage Collection. Titay governance has its own program called “Make Environment Clean (MEC) and because of this reason, the Local Government of Titay prohibits production and accumulation of garbage around and especially cigarettes butts in coordination with the ‘’No Smoking” anywhere within the premises of the municipality but observed smoking at specified area that were identified purposely where smoking allowed.  There has a regular pick–up of garbage all through the days of the week.

Table 26 – All Units have Adequate Garbage Collection  Infrastructure/Basic Services Upgrading ( No upgrading on Drainage System )

There has no unit yet  identified for upgrading in connection to drainage system by the Planners after the massive implementation of the project on Drainage System on the year 2014 by the Local Government.  The presence of heavy equipments owned by the LGU alleviates the maintenance of Drainage System of the municipality to be functional all the time.

Table 27 – All Units have Adequate Drainage System – Infrastructure/Basic Services Upgrading ( No upgrading on Structures )

There has no units needed for upgrading in relation to Structures. Titay is a 2nd town municipality and this would be the reason that so far the planners has not yet identified any dwelling units for improvements, and another reason may be because   Titay is an agricultural municipality where job seekers usually tend to stay with the relatives or friends in the farm during harvest time or planting season and exit Titay every after the said seasons for their respective residents and back again for the next season.

Table 28 – No Structural Units Need Improvements

To proceed click the link below:

Local Shelter Plan – Acknowledgement

Local Shelter Plan – Abstract

Local Shelter Plan – Table of Contents

Local Shelter Plan – List of Acronyms

Local Shelter Plan – Foreword

Local Shelter Plan – Local Shelter Plan – Preface

Local Shelter Plan – Local Shelter Plan – Chapter 1

Local Shelter Plan – Chapter 2 – Municipal Overview

Local Shelter Plan –Assessment of Shelter Need, the Chapter 3

Local Shelter Plan – Assessment Affordability, the Chapter 4

Local Shelter Plan –Chapter 5

Local Shelter Plan – WORK AND FINANCIAL PLAN, the Chapter 6

Local Shelter Plan –Local Shelter Plan – Chapter 7 and Chapter 8


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