1 . INTRODUCTION
1.1 Rationale: The formulation of this Local Shelter Plan is a joint undertaking between the Municipality of Titay and the housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council Region IX . This plan was evolved pursuant to the law that all must have a shelter plan and this plan must be incorporated in the comprehensive Land Use Plan.
Shelter planning has primarily been the responsibility of national government agencies until the passage of the Local Government Code of 1991 (Republic Act 7160) and the Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992 also known as Republic Act 7279.
Added to these two laws are two other related and more recent issuances. The Climate Change Act of 2009 (Republic Act 9279) which provides the legal platform for Philippine local governments to observe good practices and pursue innovations on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction, and The Disaster Risk Reduction Act of 2010 ( Republic Act 10121) which upholds the people’s constitutional rights to life and property by addressing the root causes of vulnerabilities to disasters, strengthening the country constitutional capacity for disaster risk reduction and management and building the resilience of local communities to disasters including climate change impacts.
With the passage of these laws more responsibilities were passed to the LGUs pertaining to land use, housing and infrastructure development in their respective localities. As such, the LGUs will become the principal implementing body with regard to addressing shelter needs.
1.2 Vision: Titay Envision to be a growth center of Rubber base producing municipality of the province and a progressive peaceful self sufficient and God centered community with empowered healthy people supporting of committed and responsible governance for a balance development.
- To provide decent affordable and ciliate change adaptive shelter that has adequate facilities towards of a livable and socially residential.
- To institutionalize the mechanism to implement the municipality of Titay, ZSP shelter Plan and other related programs, projects and activities.
- To develop 09 hectares of land for housing and resettlement beginning 2016 until 2025;
- To reduce the doubled-up households by 14 units (annually) between 2016 and 20118;
- To reduce the displaced households by 1,064 between 2016_and 2025;
- To bring down the number of households needing land tenure upgrading by 87 units (annually) from 2016 and 2018;
- To maintain access roads to all barangays) from 2016_and 2025.
- To maintain existing drainage system to entire municipality from 2016_and 2025 To provide access to power and connect 38 households (annually) from 2016 and 2018;
- To upgrade / provide access to potable water to 34 households (annually) from 2016_and 2018;
- To upgrade / provide sanitation facility to 1,807 households (annually) from 2016_and 2018.
- To ensure proper garbage disposal of all households ;
- To facilitate access to employment and income generating activities of 3,636 household-beneficiaries.
1.5 Target Population. The target population that the LSP addresses constitutes the backlog households, and households due to the future need.
Target Population subject for the 10 year shelter plan are those backlog having 1,064 HH’s found along national highway affected with road widening, 28 HH as computed and resulted from double up or HHs sharers, 0 (Zero ) HH from the homeless and the future need having 2,544 HH due to population growth which made up of 3,636 households as the target population and considered as informal settlers from year 2016 to 2025.
The informal settlers are the primary beneficiary of the municipal government shelter program and so far, majority of them have marginal and informal sources of income.
Table 1- Target Population for the Whole Program Period
1.6 Shelter Planning Process
1.6.1 Key players, Roles & Responsibilities. The keys actors and their respective involvement or roles in the crafting of the Local Shelter Plan are enumerated below:
- Local Chief Executive (describe his roles in the crafting the LSP)
- Sangguniang Bayan
- Department Heads (describe their roles in the crafting the LSP)
- Municipal Planning & Development Office
- Municipal Engineering Office
- Municipal Assessor’s Office
- Municipal Social Welfare & Development Office
- HUDCC Region IX
The Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC) Region IX rendered the necessary technical assistance through the conduct of a training workshop on the formulation of the Local Shelter Plan. The housing agencies in Region IX The housing agencies under the umbrella of HUDCC gave an extensive orientation on their various programs and assistance that the LGU can avail. These are in the form of technical assistance, financing through loans and also grants from the National Housing Authority, Pag-IBIG Fund, Social Housing Finance Corporation and the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board.
1.6.2 The Process. Figure 1 shows the shelter plan formulation process basically involves six main activities: data gathering, situational analysis, goal and objectives formulation, generation of shelter strategies; preparation of an implementation plan; and designing of monitoring and evaluation of scheme. A flow chart which includes the other but equally important sub-activities to complete the whole process can be found in Figure 1.
The first main activity is Data Gathering. It involves retrieving documents and gathering information from different agencies which will be the basis of computation or inputs for analysis.
The second main activity is undertaking a Situational Analysis which is a process of looking into the current housing situation, e.g., housing need; housing-related problems of the locality; and the type of assistance the LGU can extend. In this phase, an assessment of affordability and resources is done. This is a critical activity as the information and outputs of this particular phase will be the basis for formulating the main strategies.
The third main activity is Goal and Objectives Formulation wherein the vision, goals, objectives or targets of the local housing programs are set. This activity is an essential step in preparing local shelter plans because it provides the planners and evaluators of the housing program with a clear perspective of the desired change and the processes involved.
The fourth main activity is Generating Shelter Strategies. This is undertaken after the planner has been informed on the shelter needs of the city/municipality and a conclusion has been arrived at after an analysis of affordability and resource requirements has been done.
The fifth main activity is Developing the Implementation Plan. Whereas in formulating strategies the planner answers the question: “HOW CAN THE PROBLEM BE SOLVED?” the implementation plan answers the question: “WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE?” by outlining the details involved in actually undertaking the strategy.
The sixth and last main activity is formulating the Monitoring and Evaluation System which will provide the implementors immediate and relevant information to ensure effective and efficient delivery of shelter and shelter-related services
Figure 1. Flow Chart of Activities
Structure and Timeframe of the Shelter Plan.
Structure. The Local Housing Board recommends/recommended to the Sangguniang Panlungsod the approval and adoption of the plan, as well as the creation of a housing office that will implement the housing projects that will lead towards the realization of the LSP. These will be/were translated by the Local Chief Executive into an ordinance / Ordinance No. _____.
Time Frame. The plan has a timeframe of ten (10) years, covering the period 2016 to 2025. This is broken down into three Planning Periods, namely:
- First Planning Period covering 2016 to 2018
- Second Planning Period covering 2019 to 2021
- Third Planning Period covering 2022 to 2025
To proceed click the link below:
Local Shelter Plan – Acknowledgement
Local Shelter Plan – Abstract
Local Shelter Plan – Table of Contents
Local Shelter Plan – List of Acronyms
Local Shelter Plan – Foreword
Local Shelter Plan – Local Shelter Plan – Preface
Local Shelter Plan – Local Shelter Plan – Chapter 1
Local Shelter Plan – Chapter 2 – Municipal Overview
Local Shelter Plan –Assessment of Shelter Need, the Chapter 3
Local Shelter Plan – Assessment Affordability, the Chapter 4
Local Shelter Plan –Chapter 5
Local Shelter Plan – WORK AND FINANCIAL PLAN, the Chapter 6
Local Shelter Plan –Local Shelter Plan – Chapter 7 and Chapter 8