Thesis / Dissertation of Disruptive Behavior of Children – CHAPTER II – Foreign Studies

THE EFFECTS OF DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR TO THE SCHOOL PERFORMANCE OF GRADE IV & V PUPILS IN CABANGLASAN DISTRICT

Click here to guide you by Chapters – Chapter IChapter 11Chapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

CHAPTER II

Review of Related Literature and Studies

            This chapter presents the review of related literature which guided the researcher in the conduct of this study. The literature will be taken from the relevant materials to give the necessary background; insight and to supplement the ideas in the present investigation.

Foreign Studies

Common Demographic Profile of Children

Gender and disruptive behavior

Parenting Preschoolers with Disruptive Behavior Disorders Does Child Gender Matter? 8-19-2013 Antonya M. Gonzalez, Washington University in St Louis. –  This study is related to the present study because it deals with parental responses to child behavior (to girl or boy) that can have an important impact on later behavioral outcomes. Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders often engage in externalizing and disruptive behaviors  which usually elicit negative responses from parents. Boys are more frequently diagnosed with these disorders, resulting in a dearth of literature on parental responses to girls with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Studies have found that parents react more negatively when girls engage in disruptive behavior, plausibly because it is contrary to societal gender expectations.

Parents Intervention

HYPERLINK”/Reports/ Order %20in%20the%20Classroom-Violence,%20Discipline.pdf” \t “_parent” 1995, has published that a certain study stressed that environmental factors  causes disruptive behaviors and can be managed with common-sense approaches including concentrating on the child’s positive behaviors and ignoring the  undesirable behaviors. There should also be clear, simple, consistent consequences for disruptive behavior. Parents can promote positive behaviors by noticing and praising children’s good behaviors as often as possible. A useful way of remembering this is the phrase “Catch them when they’re good”  consequently that appropriate expectations of children’s behavior and the basic principles of behavior change go a long way to understanding and managing disruptive behaviors and that when behaviors are given attention, they tend to be repeated.

Barton, P.E.2009, added that any attention given to a behavior (telling off and yelling count as attention) increases the chances that it will happen again.

Obviously, severe physical punishment may be some kind of deterrent, but carries many detrimental consequences in terms of unhappy relationships, emotional problems, poor self-esteem, and anger.

Review of Related Literature and Studies of Chapter 2, click below:

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Foreign Studies

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Gender & Parents Intervention

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Overt Inattentive

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Tardiness and Laziness

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Misbehavior

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Local Studies) – Aggressiveness

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Local Studies) –Economic Background & Justification

Helping, Guiding and Coaching You On Your Thesis Or Dissertation Making . Call or text to 09268212800

Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY – Scope and Delimitation

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

Chapter IChapter IIChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

Introduction; Statement of the Problem; Null HypothesisSignificance of the StudyConceptual FrameworkIndependent and Dependent VariablesScope and Delimitation

Chapter I/Scope and Delimitation

The study is delimited to students who have been pregnant at their teens (12-19) years old and living in, Maramag, Bukidnon.The subjects were drawn to the students who have been pregnant and or have been a student on their teenager days and living in Maramag, Bukidnon. The study focused on the extent of major causes of teenage pregnancy which are family, peers, community, and church involvement, with the educational development of students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon. The perception of the teenager to the effects of major causes of teenage pregnancy were limited to educational development only. This was the dependent variables of the study. The dependent variables of the respondents indicate the effects of educational development among students in school and out-of-school youth. These are teenagers who got pregnant and pursued their studies in spite of the hassle of having in the school and having a child to rear. There are also teenagers who got pregnant tried to go to school and earned a vocation plus degree. While others did not. There are also teenagers especially out-of-school youth who never have the chance to go to school after pregnancy.

Chapter I/Definition of Keywords

The following terms are defined for smooth progress of understanding and clarity of the major concepts used in the study. Cause of teenage pregnancy- is the producer of an effect, result or consequence.

Economic Status– means family income, parental educational level, parental occupation, and social status community.

Educational Development– is the possible trend, progress on their school performance of students or out-of-school youth/teenagers who have been pregnant.

Effect of teenage pregnancy– means a result brought about by premarital sex at the age of 13 to 19 years old in relation to her educational development. Out-of-school youth  – are youth aged 13 – 19 who are not in school and who are unemployed, underemployed, or lacking basic skills.

Peers of teenagers – means were teenagers having an age of 13 to 19 who is equal to another in abilities, qualification, age, background, and social status.  

Sex Education – means learning the external conditions such as psychological, sociological, economic and social factors that affect the personality, behavior and development of a boy to manhood and fatherhood and a girl to motherhood as well as with human reproduction.

Teenage Pregnancy -means conception by a girl between the ages of twelve  (12) and nineteen (19) year old which was not planned for.

Chapter I – Statement of the Problem

Chapter I – Null Hypothesis

Chapter I – Significance of the Study

Chapter I – Conceptual Framework;

Chapter – Independent and Dependent Variables

Chapter – Scope and Delimitation

Chapter – Definition of Terms

Helping, Guiding and Coaching You On Your Thesis Making;

Steps on making the “Background

Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY – Chapter 3

Chapter IChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

CHAPTER III

Research Methodology

This chapter presents the research design, research locale, the respondents, sampling procedure, data gathering tools, the scoring procedure and the treatment data in the foregoing study.

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Research Design

Basically, this study employed a descriptive- qualitative research design. Certain questions were designed  to draw out responses on specific information regarding the future plans of the respondents despite the conditions that they are in.

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Research Locale

This study was be conducted at Maramag, Bukidnon. This municipality was be purposively chosen because of its accessibility to the researcher in gathering data for the reason that this municipality is developing and the researcher is concerned of the teenagers who get pregnant in the locality and are often the  topics of  the bystanders and acquaintances of the respondent who are affected with the sudden twist of their life situation.

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Respondents of the study

The respondents of this study were  be selected teenage students and out of school youth who got pregnant from the year 2009-2013 in Maramag, Bukidnon. They were chosen to provide vital information about the effects of teenage pregnancy to their educational development.  These respondents wereselected to generate information of the effects of teenage pregnancy and to

thefamily, community, peers and the church denomination where they are affiliated.

The respondents of the study are those whose ages range from  12 to 19 years old who got pregnant while still in school. Data about the respondents can be obtained from health centers, hospital, inquiries from friends and neighbors, co teachers and Municipal Social Welfare Development or (MSWD) office.

The local government has programs for the moral and economic development of the youth but still lacks implementation thus creating problems among teenagers.

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Sampling  Procedure

The method that was used in choosing the respondents was purposive sampling picking all the cases that meet the criterion.   The researcher will chose  purposive sampling, considering that the population of respondents is small and there are lots to consider on securing the respondents’ participation.   Furthermore, the victims might be ashamed to disclose their  experiences, some don’t want to refresh their  sad past chapter of their  lives, others have transferred to other place and there are still others that were  not be reached for comments.

All teenage students and out of school youth who got pregnant from the year 2009-2013 were involved and prioritized. The researcher  hoped to gather not less than 60  respondents all throughout the Municipality of Maramag, Bukidnon.

The Research Instrument

The researcher employed a self- made questionnaire to gather data of the present study Part I is the demographic profile of the respondents. This was included  their name, age, age when pregnant, name of school attended, educational attainment and the economic background of the respondents. The second part of the questionnaire deals with the causes of teenage pregnancy. Part III includes questions on educational development after pregnancy. And Part  IV is the questions on the future plans of the respondents.

Data Gathering Procedure

The researcher sought permission from the health centers in Maramag, Bukidnon to be given pertinent data of teenage  pregnancy cases for year 2009 to 2013. Further the office of the Municipal Social Welfare Development (MSWD) was requested to give information regarding cases of teenage pregnancy in the municipality.

Inquiries from barangay officials, friends, co-teachers, neighbors and relatives were also be considered in the possible search for respondents.

Once the researcher has identified a qualified respondent, she will personally approached  the target respondent and explain to her the study that the researcher is presently doing. The researcher also explained to her that her cooperation mean a lot for the success of the said study.

A researcher- made questionnaire was administered personally by the researcher.

Statistical Treatment

In the analysis of the data of the study, the researcher employed the following statistical tools.

Frequency and Percentage. This was  used to determine the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of age when pregnant, status, type of school attended and their economic background.

Average Weighted Mean. This was used to find out the extent  of Teenage pregnancy among the students and out of school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.

The t-test was likewise  used to test the significant difference of the extent on the educational development of teenage pregnancy when grouped according to age, educational attainment, status, type of school attended and economic background of the respondents.

Step- Wise Regression Analysis. Was employed to analyze which among the major causes of teenage  pregnancy greatly affect the respondents educational development.

Thesis / dissertation of DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR OF KIDS OR CHILDREN: Chapter III

Click here to direct you by chapters – CHAPTER I; CHAPTER IICHAPTER IIIChapter IVChapter V

CHAPTER III – Research Methodology

This chapter presents the research design, the description of the subjects/respondents, the sampling procedure that was used, the data gathering procedure, the administration of the instrument and the treatment of data.

Research Design

The researcher chose the descriptive research design, using survey as the main tool in gathering the data. These were qualitative data where its mean purpose was to determine the extent of factors associated with disruptive behavior of grade IV and V pupils. Data collection were taken from the respondents chosen by the use of random sampling. The conditions or relationships that existed, opinions that are held, processes that are going on, effects that are evident, or trends that are developing were described using the instrument. It primarily draws attention to the present although it often considers past events and influences as they relate it to current conditions.

Research Locale

            This study was conducted at the Municipality of Cabanglasan Bukidnon District of Cabanglasan school year 2013-2014. This was chosen because of  the convenience of the researcher in gathering data for the reason that the researcher is presently employed in the same municipality .

The Municipalty of Cabanglasan is geographically located at the eastern part of Bukidnon with a total land area of 26,230 kilometer ,composes of 15 barangays. It has 35 kilometers away from Malaybalay City Bukidnon. The Local Government Unit of Cabanglasan Bukidnon also helped in implementing some

projects through donations as partnership in the smooth delivery of  educational services to the community. The Parent Teacher Association (PTA) is working with the school as partners in achieving its vision and mission. Some of the school projects were funded by the PTA as one of the stronghold  of the institution in achieving its goals of quality basic education. Thus The Cabanglasan District has 26 schools with a total number of 194 teachers as indicated in form 3. 43 of which are the grade IV and V Teacher respondents having pupils with disruptive behavior. Attached in the next page is the table  showing the distribution of teachers by school.

Respondents of the Study

            The respondents of this study were the grade four and five teachers of Cabanglasan District, during the school year 2013-2014 .They were chosen to provide important information about the Factors Associated with Disruptive Behavior of grade four and five pupils in Cabanglasan District. These respondents were validated and generated with their classroom data on pupils gender, age, educational attainment of parents, and number of children in the family. The population of the respondents is small, so the researcher used the entire population and  targeted of not less than 2 teachers in every school found in Cabanglasan District  to cooperate with her study.

Number of Respondents by School of Cabanglasan District
Name of School No. of Teachers in Grade IV No. of Teachers in Grade V Total
 ANLUGAN E/S 1 1 2
 CABANGLASAN E/S  1 1 2
 CABULUHAN E/S  1 1 2
.  CANANGA-AN E/S  1 1 2
.  COPINONAN E/S  1 1 2
.  CROSSING MANDAING E/S  1 1 2
 DALUCATAN E/S  1 1
 FREEDOM E/S  1 1 2
 IBA CENTRAL SCHOOL  1 1 2
 IMBATUG E/S  1 1 2
 JASAAN E/S  1 1 2
 KUMALIWAT E/S  1 1
 LAMBAGAN E/S  1 1 2
 LUANLUAN E/S 1 1
 MAINAGA E/S 1 1
 MANDAING E/S  1 1 2
 MANGGAOD E/S  1 1
 MAUSWAGON E/S  1 1
 MIARAY E/S 1 1
 OLD CABANGLASAN E/S  1 1 2
 OMALAO E/S  1 1
 PARADISE E/S  1 1 2
 SAN VICENTE E/S 1 1
 TAGBACAN E/S  1 1 2
 TAGIPTIP E/S  1 1 2
 VALSONS E/S  1 1 2
Grand Total  22 21  43
  Scoring Procedure Used in the Study
Scale Limits Qualitative Description Qualifying Statement Interpretation
5 4.21 – 5.00 Always Occurred in all Situation Highly Disruptive Behavior
4 3.41 – 4.20 Often Occurred in many Situations Disruptive Behavior
3 2.61 – 3.40 Occasionally Occurred in few situations Moderately Disruptive Behavior
2 1.81 – 2.60 Seldom Occurred once in a while Less Disruptive Behavior
1 1.00 – 1.80 Never Not occurred at all Never occurred

To continue, click parts of the Chapter 3 of this thesis/ dissertation below :

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Research Methodology;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Research Design;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Research Locale;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Respondents of the Study;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Scoring Procedure of the Study

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) –  Sampling Procedure;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – The Research Instrument;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) –Data Gathering Procedure;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Scoring Procedure;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) –Statistical Treatment

Thesis / Dissertation of Disruptive Behavior of Children – Foreign Sudies

Thesis / Dissertation of Disruptive Behavior of Children – Foreign Sudies

THE EFFECTS OF DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR TO THE SCHOOL PERFORMANCE OF GRADE IV & V PUPILS IN CABANGLASAN DISTRICT

Click here to guide you by Chapters – CHAPTER I; CHAPTER IICHAPTER IIIChapter IVChapter V

IntroductionConceptual FrameworkSchematic DiagramStatement of the Problem; Null HypothesisSignificance of the StudyScope & Delimitation;

CHAPTER II – Review of Related Literature and Studies

This chapter presents the review of related literature which guided the researcher in the conduct of this study. The literature will be taken from the relevant materials to give the necessary background; insight and to supplement the ideas in the present investigation.

Foreign Studies

Range of Violent Behavior; Scott S; Knapp M; Henderson J;  Maughan B: Financial cost of social exclusion: follow up study of antisocial children into  adulthood.  BMJ   2010; Disruptive behavior were in the form of overt inattentiveness, misbehavior, tardiness and laziness at school.  There are also children and adolescents that had a wide range of behaviors: explosive temper tantrums, physical aggression, sleeping, reading of papers or any magazines or books not related to the subject matters that was taken on that specific time.

The above mentioned outward expressions of children having disruptive behavior are related to the present study because children who have this kind of character shown at school will disrupt not only the teachers but also the doer themselves and all the individual present in the room.

Mental Health Association America, 2005 NMHA is a national organization dedicated promoting mental health through education and advocacy. What can be done if a child shows disruptive behavior?

The goals of treatment typically focus on helping the child to: learn how to control his/her anger; express anger and frustrations in appropriate ways; be responsible for his/her actions; and accept consequences. In addition, family conflicts, school problems, and community issues must be addressed.

Barton, P.E.2009, reported from his study that each child arrives in the world with a particular profile of temperamental traits, for example, getting excited quickly compared with being really laid back , being very active and restless compared with being placid and relaxed, and seeking out stimulation compared with shrinking from stimulation. Different temperamental traits drive different kinds of behavior. For example a child who is easily excitable may have more temper outbursts than a child who is very placid.

Kim-Cohen  J;  Caspi  A;  Moffitt  TE;  Harrington  HL;  Milne  BJ;  Poulton R: What are the “warning signs” for violent behavior in children?Kim Cohen  J;  Caspi  A;  Moffitt  TE;  Harrington  HL;  Milne  BJ;  Poulton  R:  Prior juvenile diagnoses in adults with mental disorder: developmental follow-back of a prospective-longitudinal cohort.  Arch Gen Psychiatry   2005;

Children who have several risk factors  showed  the following behaviors should be carefully evaluated: intense anger, frequent loss of temper or blow-ups, extreme irritability, extreme impulsiveness, becoming easily frustrated.   Parents, teachers and institutions dealing with children such as school administrators will go hand in hand to understand and find ways to minimize such behavior.

Evidenced-based parent programs for reducing disruptive behavior in Children; Author: Ph.D. Candidate Gavita Oanalex, 2010 – The study is related to the study because it relates the cause and effect of disruptive behavior and it stressed that poor parenting practices are related to disruptive behaviors, while positive parenting practices are protective factors. Indeed, parents who engaged in more negative parenting practices, such as the use of harsh and inconsistent discipline, often report higher externalizing and internalizing problems in both children and adolescents.

(Burke et al., 2006; and Frick, 1994) has a study that children’s disruptive behavior has been linked with different aspects of parenting practices, such as monitoring, harassing and inconsistent discipline, etc. Wasserman et al., 2002, found out that punitive discipline of parents has been found to be a common risk factor for children with oppositional, aggressive, hyperactive, and internalizing behaviors.

           (Burke et al., 2002),has a study that physically aggressive punishment seems to be linked to child aggression, while low parental warmth/involvement was associated to oppositional child behavior.

Review of Related Literature and Studies in Chapter 2, click below:

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Foreign Studies

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Gender & Parents Intervention

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Overt Inattentive

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Tardiness and Laziness

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Misbehavior

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Local Studies) – Aggressiveness

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Local Studies) –Economic Background & Justification

Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY – Chapter 2 – Family

Click here to guide you by chapters – Chapter IChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

teenage preg 3.jpg

Click more parts of Chapter 2⇒ FamilyCommunityChurch Involvement;  Peers;  Media;  Effects of Pregnancy and Justification

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CHAPTER 2

 Review of Related Literature and Studies

This chapter presents the review of related literature which guided the researcher in the conduct of this study.  The literature will be taken from the relevant materials to give the necessary background, insight and to supplement the ideas  in the present investigation.

The tremendous speed of technological innovations requires, that the teenagers keep pace to the present-day changes.   Such as teenagers in the Philippine must be protected against the increasing trend of teenage pregnancy as it happened on this  latest decade.   And another decades of the same trend is already detrimental to the educational development of students and out of school youth in the country.  There are factors that trigger teenagers prone to be pregnant and that are Family,   Community   Church Involvement;  Peers and Media;

Family

In the Philippines,  the NSO 2013, data showed that 13-14 percent  of all registered marriages are among teenagers below 20 years old while data from the National Youth Commission  show that the rate of teen pregnancy in the country is among the highest in the ASEAN region and the only country where the rate is increasing. The global issue of teen pregnancy is  the reason why the annual celebration of  World Population Day —  July 11 — lead by UNFPA, focuses on addressing teen pregnancy.  Benjamin de Leon, president of the Forum for Family Planning and Development in the Philippines, an NGO working on adolescent health issues, expressed alarm that almost 10 percent of all Filipino women aged 15-19 have already given birth. “This is a reality that we must address, he said.There is an urgency for all sectors “to work together to help address adolescent reproductive health issues and teen pregnancy because of the health and economic implications to the country,” he said. “A high rate of teen pregnancy also means a high risk for maternal deaths among our young girls.”

The Philippines joins the rest of the world in calling the attention of Government and civil society groups to help address  rising teen pregnancies through better policies, improved education and information campaigns and programs that can reach our adolescents  in schools, in communities or wherever they may be,” de Leon said. In here he points out that every Filipino family,community, church involvement and peers of a teenager has a great role on this.

Domini Torivillas  (The Philippine Star) updated July 11, 2013.   There is evidence supporting the Reproductive Health Law that calls for sexuality education  among young students. Not that for teachingthe kids to engage in “safe” sex, but rather, for telling them why they should not engage in early sex, and yes, before marriage. With regulated sexuality education, the young are informed about sex, pregnancy, unplanned and planned, instead of through the internet or pornographic magazines that somehow manage to reach them. Peep into their rooms  and see copies of Playboy and  Pent house and other sexy publications tucked between the bed sheets, and  for-adults-only videos in the internet.   When the family disregard sex education at home, might one way that teenagers will be innocent about sex consequences and prone to early sex. The other one is when the family has poor values and can’t understand the need of teenagers economically, socially and emotionally might one reason too of teenage pregnancy.

.           Discover Questions in the Philippines”, July 14, 2013 (Online Survey). The factors that  triggers the increased of Teenage Pregnancy in the country are: Family problems, broken family/complicated family, peer pressure/bad influence, Media/Television/Movies-Influential Trends (regarding sex), Pornography, lack of attention, love, caring,  lack of moral values,  failure to nurture with good principle, Curiosity, Lack of Information about Sex (sex education), use of Illegal drugs, lack of Guidance, Prostitution (involves poverty), unintelligent decisions etc.

The main thrust of this study is to find out the factors behind the teenage pregnancy.   It is clear that some other factors on teenage pregnancy such as  peer pressure, media / movies or television, use of illegal drugs and Lack of Information about Sex (sex education) and some other factors are rooted or sprouted from 2 factors only and that are due to absence of  “Family Intervention”  and Educational Information about sex (sex education).

In here it was disclosed by ”Press release courtesy of DKT Reproductive Health Inc.”, 2012: that the National Statistics Office revealed that from 2000-2010, teenage pregnancy in the Philippines has increased by 65%, despite an almost 14% decline in teenage marriage in the same period. The increase was most  notable among girls aged 15 to 19, among whom live births rose 38% from the Family Health Survey disclosed that the primary reasons for teenage pregnancy are insufficient access to information about sexual health and reproductive health services specifically targeted at teens.

Actually the first access on Education of sex will start at home but in spite of campaign of Philippine government. Filipino families remain hesitant to open up sex to their children. Instead the government has find hard to implement sex education because of Filipino beliefs and values. (Billy & Brewster,2002),The family members of an adolescent exert considerable influence over his or her sexual behavior. Many aspects of family life influence a teen’s decision to become sexually active, use contraception, or continue with a pregnancy. Socio-economic status, family structure, parental attitudes, and parental communication and support all play an important role in a teen’s decision-making.Children of parents with low educational attainment, occupation and income are more likely to have sex at an early age, not use contraception consistently and become pregnant or cause a pregnancy.The values and behavior demonstrated by family members regarding sexual risk taking and early childbearing influence the teen’s own attitudes and behavior.

Parents with permissive attitudes about teen sex or premarital sex, or negative attitudes about contraception have children who are more likely to have unprotected sex and become pregnant .(Kim, Ridger, Harper, & Yang, 1974) Teens look to their parents as role models and very often reproduce their behavior. Therefore, it is not surprising that teens are more likely to initiate sex and become pregnant if their parents are having sex outside of marriage, cohabiting with a romantic or sexual partner, have had a child outside of marriage or gave birth as an adolescent.

Click to continue ⇒ Community

Chapter 2-Family

Chapter 2-Community;

Chapter 2-Church Involvement;

Chapter 2-Peers;

Chapter 2-Media;

Chapter 2-Effects of Pregnancy and Justification

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Chapter 1 On Thesis Making (Background)

 

 

Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY: Introduction

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

teenage-pregnancy- pic 2.jpg

Click these to guide you by chapter: Chapter IChapter 11Chapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

Teenage Pregnancy – Title Page

Teenage Pregnancy – About the Author

Introduction;  Statement of the ProblemNull HypothesisSignificance of the StudyConceptual FrameworkIndependent and Dependent VariablesScope and Delimitation

Chapter I

Introduction;

Over the past few decades, teenage pregnancy has become a public concern which has generated a great deal of attention in the locality. Increasing awareness of the social and economic consequences of teenage pregnancy has led to a consensus opinion among policy makers  and the public that teenage pregnancy and child bearing is a significant social problem. It has been linked to an array of other social issues, such as welfare dependency, child health and well-being, out of wedlock births, fatherhood responsibility, child abuse and neglect, school drop-out and workforce development. (Torivillas, The Philippine Star, 2013).

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There was a strong agreement that teenage pregnancy rate is still on the increase and and every increased there has an additional consequences of abortions and fetus losses and yet reducing the number of births by this age group remains an important goal, Scott (1981).

The frequency of teenage pregnancy among the youth is alarming and has become more or less a fact of life in many nations of the world including Philippines. This remains both culturally deleterious and personally destructive. Teenage pregnancy has lots of effects on Educational Development of teenagers who are victims of this phenomenon. The Philippine government and other religious institutions  are studying every angle to look for ways to reduce untimely pregnancy among teenager. These are many factors which have been recognized by researchers and authors as being responsible for teenage pregnancy. It has been noted and well documented that today’s teenagers face more sexual temptation than previous generations. They seem to be more aware of sex and susceptible to the dangers of illicit sex. Today’s society is more bombarded with sexually oriented materials in the environment. The teenager are more vulnerable to sexual temptations. Health and Home, Philippines, Pregnant at 16, p.12-13 &22).

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According to Eruesgbefe, (2005). “Today’s teenagers have become more sexually active and promiscuous compared to their age mates of some thirty, forty or fifty years ago in the Nigerian situation”. He also asserted that, “The gradual departures from the traditions, customs and religious doctrine of the different ethnic groups on the premise of civilization have been largely responsible for this. Community and families must work hand in hand to shield their teenagers against these phenomena. Increases in both health and social problems are products of uncontrollable multiple sex partners among teenagers. Mainly because the youth cannot control their emotional feelings, they rush into untimely sex, in the belief that the act will be undetected.

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According to Albano (2001). In the Philippines, usually in a family, this category are not taught family life education by their parents and schools because of the sensitivity of the issue, this is contrary to the wide assumption that family life education is on. In practice, however, not much of sex education is taught in every Filipino family. Existing government family planning programs have been directed principally to married couples.

Maramag is still a growing community, cases of teenage pregnancy usually become a big issue to the neighbors and to the whole community. The family of the victim is in trauma discovering that their teenager was some months on her way already. Almost everybody is blaming the pregnant teenager of the consequences of her misdeeds. They focused their judgment to the victim but they did not bother to ask why and what were behind of indulging sex at teens and got pregnant not at the right time. The Philippine government through some of its agencies like Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)  and Department of Education (DepEd), introduced some strategies to minimize the increasing cases of pregnancy as observed after a decade in the Philippines. Sex education is being incorporated to the subject matters in school. RH bill could be a big help to let the teenagers know how to act about sex. Filipino families and communities is properly informed about their responsibilities to their youngsters with regards to sex.  While teenagers wherever they are must be reached to educate and be well informed how to counter early pregnancy.

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Religious sectors are also showing concerns about the teenagers by intensifying the activities at the church and detour  their interest while they are still young and not yet prepare to face the consequences brought about early sex. The churches now are also don’t want to left behind on nurturing the youths by instilling  to their minds  that early sex out of wed luck has consequences and the consequences hurt more than waiting. (Health and Home pp.13,2003).

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The researcher of this paper hope that after the study, she can impart some important strategies  and information she gained to the community, to the teachers, school administrators, parents and to the teenagers on how to minimize teenage pregnancy to students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.

Click below to some parts of chapter 1 of this thesis:

Chapter I – Statement of the Problem

Chapter I – Null Hypothesis

Chapter I – Significance of the Study

Chapter I – Conceptual Framework;

Chapter – Independent and Dependent Variables

Chapter – Scope and Delimitation

Chapter – Definition of Terms

Helping, Guiding and Coaching You On Your Thesis Making;

Steps on making the “Background

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