Teenage Pregnancy Questionnaire Thesis Page 1

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

Click to guide you by chapter of this thesis – Chapter I; Chapter III;Chapter IVChapter V

Republic of the Philippines

(Name of the University)

Address of the University

The undersigned will conduct a thesis entitled, “TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “.

This study will attempt to determine the effect of Teenage Pregnancy on educational development of students and out of school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon. There is no right or wrong answers as long as you did it honestly. Rest assured that your answers to this survey-questionnaire will be treated with utmost confidentiality. The survey result will be analyzed for academic purposes.

Thank you for your cooperation in the conduct of this study.  Your responses will contribute to the success of this  academic research.

                                                                                    (NAME OF THE RESEARCHER)

                                                                                                     Researcher

I.              DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE: Directions: Please provide the following information either by filling in the data or by putting a check that correspond to your response.

Name (optional):      ____________________________________

Address:                       ____________________________________

Age:     ______16 years old and below;              ______17 – 18 years old                                         ______19 – 20 years old;                       ______21 years old and above

Age when pregnant:

  ______16 years old and below;              ______17 – 18 years old

 ______19 – 20 years old;                       ______21 years old and above

Eduacational Attainment:

               ______Elementary level                         _______Elementary Graduate

              ______High School Level                       _______High School Graduate

              ______College Level

Educational Status:

             _____Out-of-School Youth

            _____Still Studying

Type of School Attended:

           _____Public

          _____Private

Income of the Family:

           _____Less than Php 5,000                     _____Php 5,001 – Php 8,000

           _____Php 8,001-Php15000

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Teenage Pregnancy Questionnaire Page 1

Teenage Pregnancy Questionnaire Page 2

Teenage Prenancy Questionnaire Page 3

Teenage Pregnancy Questionnaire Page 4

Teenage Pregnancy Questionnaire Page 5

Teenage Pregnancy Questionnaire Page 6

Teenage Pregnancy Questionnaire Page 7

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Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY: Statement of the Problem

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

Click to guide you by chapter of this thesis –Chapter IChapter IIChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

Introduction; Statement of the Problem;Conceptual FrameworkIndependent and Dependent VariablesScope and Delimitation; Null HypothesisSignificance of the Study

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Statement of the Problem

This study is aimed to look into the effects of teenage pregnancy to the educational development of students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.  Particularly it aims to answer the following problems.

1. What is the demographic profile in terms of age, age when pregnant, educational attainment, status, type of school attended and economic background of the respondents.

2. What are the causes of teenage pregnancy among the students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.

3. Is there a significant difference on the educational development of teenage pregnancy when grouped according to age, educational attainment , status, type of school attended and economic background of the respondents.

4. Which among the causes of teenage pregnancy effects most to students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.

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Null Hypotheses

The following null- hypotheses were formulated to guide the study:

1. There is no significant difference on the educational development of teenage pregnancy when grouped according to age, educational attainment, status, type of school attended, and economic background.

2. The causes of teenage pregnancy has no significant effect on the educational development of students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.

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Significance of the Study

The study will conducted to find out the extent of how extreme is the effect of the major causes of teenage pregnancy to the educational development of students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon. The result of this study is beneficial to students and out-of-school youth, to the parents, teachers, to the community, school administrators, researchers and other interested individuals because this can serve as empirical data where suggestion of minimizing teenage pregnancy in the community can be taken.

The study will also benefit students who still are at school because it will  give them information about the cause and possible effects of teenage pregnancy  to their studies once they got pregnant. In one way or in another this paper will guide them to focus first their attention to their studies rather than giving priority to their romantic affairs with boyfriends.

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The study will also benefit the out-of-school youth to be aware of not getting pregnant at teens for the big chance at them to go back school or to be enrolled in ALS (Alternative Learning System), for the none high school graduate.

This study will also benefit  the parents to enable them to realize their great role in educating their teenagers, protecting and diverting them from indulging early sex especially if without marriage. They must be aware too of what kind of peers their teenagers have. This study too will make the parents aware that education about  the use of contraceptives will start also at home.

This study will also benefit the teachers for they could be informed how important is education to the development of children to manhood. This enables them to guide and identify the major causes of teenage pregnancy especially in Maramag, Bukidnon. Then and there they would intensify their functions to counter those causes by diversity The interest of teenage in engaging early sex and if ever teenagers are already fall of indulging sex both boys and girls, then contraceptives  will play on this to prevent teenage pregnancy.

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This study will also benefit school administrators. It would provide them information of the importance of knowing the major factors behind early pregnancy and the possible effects on educational development of teenagers. It’s one way that administrators will intensify sex education on their school, improve the knowledge of their faculties or teachers through seminars so that they can deal well with students to avoid pregnancy at early age. And truncate if it not half way to the learners to be effective and to be understood. The researcher hoped that the result of this study would also would also be a great help to future researchers and to all people who are interested to know more about teenage pregnancy on their causes and the possible effects on their educational development.

Chapter I – Statement of the Problem

Chapter I – Null Hypothesis

Chapter I – Significance of the Study

Chapter I – Conceptual Framework;

Chapter I – Independent and Dependent Variables

Chapter I- Scope and Delimitation

Chapter I- Definition of Terms

Helping, Guiding and Coaching You On Your Thesis Making;

Steps on making the “Background

Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY – Chapter 5

Chapter IChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

.This chapter presents the summary of findings, the conclusion drawn, and the recommendations offered.

Summary

This study attempted to answer the question related to the effect of teenage pregnancy on educational development of students  and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon. Firstly, this study endeavored to identify perception of the respondents on the causes of teenage pregnancy in terms of the following factors: the family, with a mean of 4.13, the respondents agreed that their parents are not open about the use of contraceptives at home; the levels of educational attainment of parents is low and the income is not enough to support the family. The respondents also agreed that parents don’t talk about consequences of plan or unplanned indulgence of sex. Secondly, this study attempted to find out the causes of teenage pregnancy as perceived by the respondents in terms of community factor. The findings showed that the respondents agreed to all indicators stated in the questionnaire.

A self-made questionnaire was employed to gather data of the study. Average Weighted Mean was used to find out the extent of teenage pregnancy among the respondents. T-test was also used to test the significant difference of the extent of the educational development when respondents were grouped according to age, educational attainment, type of school attended and the socio economic status of the family. Step-wise regression analysis was used to analyze which among the causes of teen-age pregnancy greatly affect the respondent’s educational development.

Findings

The following are the findings of the study:

1. the age level of the majority of the respondents is between 17 to 18 years old. This constitute 38.3 percent of the population. The educational attainment of the respondents were mostly high school and elementary level. Only few or 18.3 percent of the respondents make it to college. While 14 of the respondents are still studying, majority are out-of-school youth, who, after pregnancy prefer to stay at home and take care of their babies. With regards to the type of school attended, majority or 78.3 percent are from public school. The monthly income of the family of the big majority of the respondents is less than Php 5,000.

2. When the perception of the respondents on the causes of teenage pregnancy in terms of family factor, the data showed that parents’ family factor, not being open about the use of contraceptives and permissive attitudes towards premarital sex were contributory to teenage pregnancy. Parents not being open about the use of contraceptive at home ranked first with a mean of 4.13. The lowest rank were respondents moderately agree was members of the family learned about sex from pornographic, playboy, television and internet. This has a mean of 2.88.

3. It was also found out that parents who work outside the home giving teenagers time to be alone most often. This is ranked first with a mean of 3.7 and a description of “Agree”. This was followed by teenage couple usually indulge in sexual activities out of curiosity with a mean of 3.55 and agreed by the respondents. Moderately agreed also by the respondents is the indicator, “Drugs and intoxicating drinks are usually introduced during group gathering

4. In terms of the perception of the respondents or the causes of Teenage pregnancy in terms of community factor, the respondents agreed o all indicators

The highest of which are out-of-school youth teenagers in the community that are earning for a living; 4.18; pregnant unwed teenagers are often frowned in the community; 4.16 and majority of families in the community have very low income and not enough to support the needs of the family; 4.15 another indicator like unwed pregnant women usually prohibit themselves from attending church activities can also be surmised as effect that the respondents felt in the community.

5. With regards to the educational development of the respondents after pregnancy, a very significant findings were shown in their strong agreement of 5 indicators namely: “I am hurt when I hear people talk about me; with a mean of 4.43; I find difficult to attend school due to my pregnancy, with a mean of 4.41; I experience very low self- esteem due to my pregnancy with a mean of 4.30; I find it difficult to study because my attention is focused on the baby with a mean of 4.27 and my priority is to look for a part time job to support my babywith a mean of 4.23.

6. Tukey’s test, the multiple comparison test on the differences of the educational development of the respondents, points out which of the age brackets are significantly different from each other. Finding shows teenagers aged 16 years old and below have the same educational development with the rest of the age brackets since the computed mean difference on their responses are very small to reject the null hypothesis and the computed P-values are greater than the level of significance.

7. Finally the analysis of variance on the educational development of the respondents when classified to monthly income as shown in Table 15 are close to each other ranging from 3.95 to 4.10. This means that the educational development or the desires of the respondents to continue their studies after giving birth are the same regardless of the monthly income of their parents.

Conclusions

Based on the findings of the study, it is clearly shown that the respondents perception on the causes of teenage pregnancy are the following: family; the respondents agreed that their parents are not open about the using contraceptive at home; the level of educational attainment of parents is low and and the income is not enough to support the family. The data likewise showed that teenagers learned about sex from pornographic magazines, television and internet and since parents work outside the homes, teenagers are left alone with barkadas and friends at home hanging out together thus more likely indulge in premarital sex, The community was also considered as one factor that may cause teen-age pregnancy. Many community elders gamble and drink, and their drinking spree becomes the usual sight teenagers see among their elders everyday. The findings also confirms that pregnant unwed teenagers are often frowned by people in the community. Religiousity is not also manifested among families in the communities.

Finally the findings indicate that the educational development or the desire

of the respondents to continue their studies after giving birth are the same regardless of the monthly income of their parents.

Recommendations

Having identified the effects of tee-age pregnancy on the educational development of students and out-of-school , the following recommendations are put forward.

1. Strengthen the collaboration between parents and school to guide the teenagers parents and school to guide the teenagers the dangers of indulging in pre-marital sex especially that they are still studying. Likewise it is recommended that during PTC/PTA Meetings , the parents must be informed to closely monitored their children.

2. The School Administration should strengthen its homeroom and guidance program, so that teenagers will be given information and counseling regarding boy-girl relationship.

3. The teachers, especially class advisers must act as the second parents to teenagers especially those in need of parental guidance.

4. Involve the community in giving teenagers good models of values and character. Local officials should pass ordinances to prohibit teenagers from taking alcoholic drinks, cigarettes and the dangers of drugs.

5. The school curricula must not only integrate values in all subject areas but also information about the reproductive organs.

6. Education programs should be designed to address pressing and urgent concerns regarding teen-age pregnancy and collaborate with other agencies like DSWD and Health Care Units to help teenagers avoid premarital sex and live a healthy life style.

7. Local communities should provide recreational programs and facilities to give teenagers gainful and wholesome activities.

Questions To Answer During The Defend Of Thesis About “Teenage Pregnancy”

 

One week or two weeks before the defend of the thesis, the panel and the teachers were already giving possible questions and or guide to their students of what to present during the defend. The following are the possible guide to present during defend of the thesis entitled “EFFECTS OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY TO STUDENTS AND OUT OF SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON”

Why the Topic is Chosen for Study?

The researcher chosen this topic as her study because she is concern about the teenage pregnancy that is already rampant all through the locality of Maramag, Bukidnon and even in the nearby towns and cities.    The researcher want to know how this phenomenon or situation affects their plans for their education and future carriers.  In spite of the reason that this study will not help her directly during her classroom instruction for she is an adviser of Grade II pupils,  but through sharing this to her co-teachers, to the community, school administrators, friends and parents, indirectly her pupils will be benefited too for they will be soon teenagers.

Research Concept/Theory

Due to the increasing cases of teenage pregnancy in the Philippines and found out on this last decade that Philippine has the highest case all through the Asian region.     Filipino Communities, families and teenagers must be smart enough to counter this phenomenon.  The kind of peers and church involvement of  the teenagers had  influenced so much to their decision making   with regards to sex.  Its a fact that early sex to teenagers may resulted to teenage pregnancy that simultaneously hampers the ambitions and educational development of teenagers.

Schematic Diagram:

Major Causes of Teenage Pregnancy:                   Dependent Variables

Family Peers

Community

Church Involvement                                                Effects on Educational Development

Family

Peers

The schematic diagram in Fig. 1 shows the variables reflected to the 1st box.

These are independent variables which point out the major causes of teenage pregnancy and that are family, community peers and church involvement.   In the 2nd box is the consequence of teenage pregnancy and that is effect on educational development.     This is the dependent variable.

Statement of the Research Problem

This study is aimed to look into the effects of teenage pregnancy to the educational development of students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.    Particularly it aims to answer the following problems.

1.  What is the demographic profile in terms of age, age when pregnant, educational attainment, status, type of school attended and economic background of the respondents.

2.  What are the major causes of teenage pregnancy among the students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.

3.  Is there a significant difference on the educational development of teenage pregnancy when grouped according to age, educational attainment, status, type of school attended and economic background of the respondents.

4.   Which among the major causes of teenage pregnancy effects most to students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.

Research Design

Basically, this study will employ a descriptive- qualitative research design.   Certain questions will be designed to draw out responses despite this conditions that they are in.  The descriptive study using survey was the main tool for gathering data. This was qualitative study where its main purpose is to determine the effects of major causes of teenage pregnancy  and that are family, community, peers and church involvement  on the educational development of students and out of school youths.    Data collection was taken from the respondents chosen by the use of purposive sampling, picking all the cases that meet the criterion.  Descriptive research describes and interprets what it was.   It was concerned with the conditions or relationships that exist, opinions that are held, processes that are going on, effects that are evident, or trends that are developing.    It primarily draws attention to the present although it often considers past events and influences as they relate to current conditions.

Helping, Guiding and Coaching You On Your Thesis Making;

Steps on making the “Background

How many Pages Or How Thick Is Thesis Making?

Possible Questions during the defend of Teenage Pregnancy

Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY – Chapter 2 – Family

Click here to guide you by chapters – Chapter IChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

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Click more parts of Chapter 2⇒ FamilyCommunityChurch Involvement;  Peers;  Media;  Effects of Pregnancy and Justification

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CHAPTER 2

 Review of Related Literature and Studies

This chapter presents the review of related literature which guided the researcher in the conduct of this study.  The literature will be taken from the relevant materials to give the necessary background, insight and to supplement the ideas  in the present investigation.

The tremendous speed of technological innovations requires, that the teenagers keep pace to the present-day changes.   Such as teenagers in the Philippine must be protected against the increasing trend of teenage pregnancy as it happened on this  latest decade.   And another decades of the same trend is already detrimental to the educational development of students and out of school youth in the country.  There are factors that trigger teenagers prone to be pregnant and that are Family,   Community   Church Involvement;  Peers and Media;

Family

In the Philippines,  the NSO 2013, data showed that 13-14 percent  of all registered marriages are among teenagers below 20 years old while data from the National Youth Commission  show that the rate of teen pregnancy in the country is among the highest in the ASEAN region and the only country where the rate is increasing. The global issue of teen pregnancy is  the reason why the annual celebration of  World Population Day —  July 11 — lead by UNFPA, focuses on addressing teen pregnancy.  Benjamin de Leon, president of the Forum for Family Planning and Development in the Philippines, an NGO working on adolescent health issues, expressed alarm that almost 10 percent of all Filipino women aged 15-19 have already given birth. “This is a reality that we must address, he said.There is an urgency for all sectors “to work together to help address adolescent reproductive health issues and teen pregnancy because of the health and economic implications to the country,” he said. “A high rate of teen pregnancy also means a high risk for maternal deaths among our young girls.”

The Philippines joins the rest of the world in calling the attention of Government and civil society groups to help address  rising teen pregnancies through better policies, improved education and information campaigns and programs that can reach our adolescents  in schools, in communities or wherever they may be,” de Leon said. In here he points out that every Filipino family,community, church involvement and peers of a teenager has a great role on this.

Domini Torivillas  (The Philippine Star) updated July 11, 2013.   There is evidence supporting the Reproductive Health Law that calls for sexuality education  among young students. Not that for teachingthe kids to engage in “safe” sex, but rather, for telling them why they should not engage in early sex, and yes, before marriage. With regulated sexuality education, the young are informed about sex, pregnancy, unplanned and planned, instead of through the internet or pornographic magazines that somehow manage to reach them. Peep into their rooms  and see copies of Playboy and  Pent house and other sexy publications tucked between the bed sheets, and  for-adults-only videos in the internet.   When the family disregard sex education at home, might one way that teenagers will be innocent about sex consequences and prone to early sex. The other one is when the family has poor values and can’t understand the need of teenagers economically, socially and emotionally might one reason too of teenage pregnancy.

.           Discover Questions in the Philippines”, July 14, 2013 (Online Survey). The factors that  triggers the increased of Teenage Pregnancy in the country are: Family problems, broken family/complicated family, peer pressure/bad influence, Media/Television/Movies-Influential Trends (regarding sex), Pornography, lack of attention, love, caring,  lack of moral values,  failure to nurture with good principle, Curiosity, Lack of Information about Sex (sex education), use of Illegal drugs, lack of Guidance, Prostitution (involves poverty), unintelligent decisions etc.

The main thrust of this study is to find out the factors behind the teenage pregnancy.   It is clear that some other factors on teenage pregnancy such as  peer pressure, media / movies or television, use of illegal drugs and Lack of Information about Sex (sex education) and some other factors are rooted or sprouted from 2 factors only and that are due to absence of  “Family Intervention”  and Educational Information about sex (sex education).

In here it was disclosed by ”Press release courtesy of DKT Reproductive Health Inc.”, 2012: that the National Statistics Office revealed that from 2000-2010, teenage pregnancy in the Philippines has increased by 65%, despite an almost 14% decline in teenage marriage in the same period. The increase was most  notable among girls aged 15 to 19, among whom live births rose 38% from the Family Health Survey disclosed that the primary reasons for teenage pregnancy are insufficient access to information about sexual health and reproductive health services specifically targeted at teens.

Actually the first access on Education of sex will start at home but in spite of campaign of Philippine government. Filipino families remain hesitant to open up sex to their children. Instead the government has find hard to implement sex education because of Filipino beliefs and values. (Billy & Brewster,2002),The family members of an adolescent exert considerable influence over his or her sexual behavior. Many aspects of family life influence a teen’s decision to become sexually active, use contraception, or continue with a pregnancy. Socio-economic status, family structure, parental attitudes, and parental communication and support all play an important role in a teen’s decision-making.Children of parents with low educational attainment, occupation and income are more likely to have sex at an early age, not use contraception consistently and become pregnant or cause a pregnancy.The values and behavior demonstrated by family members regarding sexual risk taking and early childbearing influence the teen’s own attitudes and behavior.

Parents with permissive attitudes about teen sex or premarital sex, or negative attitudes about contraception have children who are more likely to have unprotected sex and become pregnant .(Kim, Ridger, Harper, & Yang, 1974) Teens look to their parents as role models and very often reproduce their behavior. Therefore, it is not surprising that teens are more likely to initiate sex and become pregnant if their parents are having sex outside of marriage, cohabiting with a romantic or sexual partner, have had a child outside of marriage or gave birth as an adolescent.

Click to continue ⇒ Community

Chapter 2-Family

Chapter 2-Community;

Chapter 2-Church Involvement;

Chapter 2-Peers;

Chapter 2-Media;

Chapter 2-Effects of Pregnancy and Justification

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Chapter 1 On Thesis Making (Background)

 

 

Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY: Introduction

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

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Click these to guide you by chapter: Chapter IChapter 11Chapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

Teenage Pregnancy – Title Page

Teenage Pregnancy – About the Author

Introduction;  Statement of the ProblemNull HypothesisSignificance of the StudyConceptual FrameworkIndependent and Dependent VariablesScope and Delimitation

Chapter I

Introduction;

Over the past few decades, teenage pregnancy has become a public concern which has generated a great deal of attention in the locality. Increasing awareness of the social and economic consequences of teenage pregnancy has led to a consensus opinion among policy makers  and the public that teenage pregnancy and child bearing is a significant social problem. It has been linked to an array of other social issues, such as welfare dependency, child health and well-being, out of wedlock births, fatherhood responsibility, child abuse and neglect, school drop-out and workforce development. (Torivillas, The Philippine Star, 2013).

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There was a strong agreement that teenage pregnancy rate is still on the increase and and every increased there has an additional consequences of abortions and fetus losses and yet reducing the number of births by this age group remains an important goal, Scott (1981).

The frequency of teenage pregnancy among the youth is alarming and has become more or less a fact of life in many nations of the world including Philippines. This remains both culturally deleterious and personally destructive. Teenage pregnancy has lots of effects on Educational Development of teenagers who are victims of this phenomenon. The Philippine government and other religious institutions  are studying every angle to look for ways to reduce untimely pregnancy among teenager. These are many factors which have been recognized by researchers and authors as being responsible for teenage pregnancy. It has been noted and well documented that today’s teenagers face more sexual temptation than previous generations. They seem to be more aware of sex and susceptible to the dangers of illicit sex. Today’s society is more bombarded with sexually oriented materials in the environment. The teenager are more vulnerable to sexual temptations. Health and Home, Philippines, Pregnant at 16, p.12-13 &22).

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According to Eruesgbefe, (2005). “Today’s teenagers have become more sexually active and promiscuous compared to their age mates of some thirty, forty or fifty years ago in the Nigerian situation”. He also asserted that, “The gradual departures from the traditions, customs and religious doctrine of the different ethnic groups on the premise of civilization have been largely responsible for this. Community and families must work hand in hand to shield their teenagers against these phenomena. Increases in both health and social problems are products of uncontrollable multiple sex partners among teenagers. Mainly because the youth cannot control their emotional feelings, they rush into untimely sex, in the belief that the act will be undetected.

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According to Albano (2001). In the Philippines, usually in a family, this category are not taught family life education by their parents and schools because of the sensitivity of the issue, this is contrary to the wide assumption that family life education is on. In practice, however, not much of sex education is taught in every Filipino family. Existing government family planning programs have been directed principally to married couples.

Maramag is still a growing community, cases of teenage pregnancy usually become a big issue to the neighbors and to the whole community. The family of the victim is in trauma discovering that their teenager was some months on her way already. Almost everybody is blaming the pregnant teenager of the consequences of her misdeeds. They focused their judgment to the victim but they did not bother to ask why and what were behind of indulging sex at teens and got pregnant not at the right time. The Philippine government through some of its agencies like Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)  and Department of Education (DepEd), introduced some strategies to minimize the increasing cases of pregnancy as observed after a decade in the Philippines. Sex education is being incorporated to the subject matters in school. RH bill could be a big help to let the teenagers know how to act about sex. Filipino families and communities is properly informed about their responsibilities to their youngsters with regards to sex.  While teenagers wherever they are must be reached to educate and be well informed how to counter early pregnancy.

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Religious sectors are also showing concerns about the teenagers by intensifying the activities at the church and detour  their interest while they are still young and not yet prepare to face the consequences brought about early sex. The churches now are also don’t want to left behind on nurturing the youths by instilling  to their minds  that early sex out of wed luck has consequences and the consequences hurt more than waiting. (Health and Home pp.13,2003).

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The researcher of this paper hope that after the study, she can impart some important strategies  and information she gained to the community, to the teachers, school administrators, parents and to the teenagers on how to minimize teenage pregnancy to students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.

Click below to some parts of chapter 1 of this thesis:

Chapter I – Statement of the Problem

Chapter I – Null Hypothesis

Chapter I – Significance of the Study

Chapter I – Conceptual Framework;

Chapter – Independent and Dependent Variables

Chapter – Scope and Delimitation

Chapter – Definition of Terms

Helping, Guiding and Coaching You On Your Thesis Making;

Steps on making the “Background

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