Thesis / Dissertation of Disruptive Behavior of Children – CHAPTER II – Foreign Studies

THE EFFECTS OF DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR TO THE SCHOOL PERFORMANCE OF GRADE IV & V PUPILS IN CABANGLASAN DISTRICT

Click here to guide you by Chapters – Chapter IChapter 11Chapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

CHAPTER II

Review of Related Literature and Studies

            This chapter presents the review of related literature which guided the researcher in the conduct of this study. The literature will be taken from the relevant materials to give the necessary background; insight and to supplement the ideas in the present investigation.

Foreign Studies

Common Demographic Profile of Children

Gender and disruptive behavior

Parenting Preschoolers with Disruptive Behavior Disorders Does Child Gender Matter? 8-19-2013 Antonya M. Gonzalez, Washington University in St Louis. –  This study is related to the present study because it deals with parental responses to child behavior (to girl or boy) that can have an important impact on later behavioral outcomes. Children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders often engage in externalizing and disruptive behaviors  which usually elicit negative responses from parents. Boys are more frequently diagnosed with these disorders, resulting in a dearth of literature on parental responses to girls with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Studies have found that parents react more negatively when girls engage in disruptive behavior, plausibly because it is contrary to societal gender expectations.

Parents Intervention

HYPERLINK”/Reports/ Order %20in%20the%20Classroom-Violence,%20Discipline.pdf” \t “_parent” 1995, has published that a certain study stressed that environmental factors  causes disruptive behaviors and can be managed with common-sense approaches including concentrating on the child’s positive behaviors and ignoring the  undesirable behaviors. There should also be clear, simple, consistent consequences for disruptive behavior. Parents can promote positive behaviors by noticing and praising children’s good behaviors as often as possible. A useful way of remembering this is the phrase “Catch them when they’re good”  consequently that appropriate expectations of children’s behavior and the basic principles of behavior change go a long way to understanding and managing disruptive behaviors and that when behaviors are given attention, they tend to be repeated.

Barton, P.E.2009, added that any attention given to a behavior (telling off and yelling count as attention) increases the chances that it will happen again.

Obviously, severe physical punishment may be some kind of deterrent, but carries many detrimental consequences in terms of unhappy relationships, emotional problems, poor self-esteem, and anger.

Review of Related Literature and Studies of Chapter 2, click below:

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Foreign Studies

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Gender & Parents Intervention

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Overt Inattentive

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Tardiness and Laziness

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Misbehavior

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Local Studies) – Aggressiveness

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Local Studies) –Economic Background & Justification

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Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY: Conceptual Framework

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

Click this to guide you by chapter of this thesis – Chapter IChapter IIChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

Introduction;  Statement of the ProblemNull HypothesisSignificance of the Study  

Conceptual Framework

Due to the increasing cases of teenage pregnancy in the Philippines and found out on this last decade that Philippines has the highest case all through the Asian region. Filipino communities, families and teenagers must be smart enough to counter the phenomenon. The schematic diagram in Fig 1 shows the variables reflected to the 1st box. These are independent variables which point out the major causes of teenage pregnancy and that are family, community, peers and church involvement. In the 2nd box is the consequence of teenage pregnancy and that is effect of educational development. This is the dependent variable.  An independent variables or combination of these can be the cause of teenage pregnancy considering that Filipino families usually offer sex education to their teenagers truncated halfway which usually misunderstood, or never touched about sex, instead leave their teenagers to learn out of their initiatives which usually mislead and might make them submit to early sex. Community has a big role on teenage pregnancy. Teenagers who are exposed to the society where sex is tolerated and lots of teenagers are pregnant might convinced them to do the same. Peers and friends of teenagers might be one cause, which happen to go with peers that having a positive attitude towards early and or premarital sex but no knowledge yet about dealing sex which result to teenage pregnancy. The dependent variables of the respondents indicate the effect of causes of teenage pregnancy to the educational development of students and out of school youth. These are teenagers who got pregnant but determine to pursue their studies in spite of the hassle brought about being in the school and having a child to rear and earn a degree after all while others can’t. These are also teenagers especially out of school youth who never have the chance to go back school after pregnancy.

Independent Variables           Dependent Variables

Family

Peers and Friends                  Effects on Educational Development

Church Involvement

Community

Figure I. A Schematic diagram of the independent and dependent variables on Teenage Pregnancy: Its effect on the Educational Development of Students and Out- Of – School Youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.

Click below to some parts of chapter 1 of this thesis:

Chapter I –Statement of the Problem

Chapter I – Null Hypothesis

Chapter I – Significance of the Study

Chapter I – Conceptual Framework;

Chapter I – Independent and Dependent Variables

Chapter I- Scope and Delimitation

Chapter I- Definition of Keywords

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Steps on making the “Background

Titay Local Shelter Plan Chapter 1- Introduction

CHAPTER 1

1    INTRODUCTION

1.1  Rationale:  The formulation of this Local Shelter Plan is a joint undertaking between the Municipality of Titay and the housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council Region IX . This plan was evolved pursuant to the law  that all must have a shelter plan and this plan must be incorporated in the comprehensive Land Use Plan. rationale

Shelter planning has primarily been the responsibility of national government agencies until the passage of the Local Government Code of 1991 (Republic Act 7160) and the Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992 also known as Republic Act 7279.

Added to these two laws are two other related and more recent issuances. The Climate Change Act of 2009 (Republic Act 9279) which provides the legal platform for Philippine local governments to observe good practices and pursue innovations on climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction, and The Disaster Risk Reduction Act of 2010 ( Republic Act 10121) which upholds the people’s constitutional rights to life and property by addressing the root causes of vulnerabilities to disasters, strengthening the country constitutional capacity for disaster risk reduction and management and building the resilience of local communities to disasters including climate change impacts.

With the passage of these laws more responsibilities were passed to the LGUs pertaining to land use, housing and infrastructure development in their respective  localities.  As such, the LGUs will become the principal implementing body with regard to addressing shelter needs.

1.2 Vision:  Titay Envision to be a growth center of Rubber base producing municipality of the province and a progressive peaceful self sufficient and God centered community with empowered healthy people supporting of committed and responsible governance for a balance development.

1.3 Goal/s:

  1. To provide decent affordable and ciliate change adaptive shelter that has adequate facilities towards of a livable and socially residential.
  1. To institutionalize the mechanism to implement the municipality of Titay, ZSP shelter Plan and other related programs, projects and activities.

1.4 Objectives

  1. To develop 09 hectares of land for housing and resettlement beginning 2016 until 2025;
  2. To reduce the doubled-up households by 14 units (annually) between 2016 and 20118;
  3. To reduce the displaced households by 1,064 between 2016_and 2025;
  4. To bring down the number of households needing land tenure upgrading by 87 units (annually) from 2016 and 2018;
  5. To maintain access roads to all barangays) from  2016_and 2025.
  6. To maintain existing drainage system to entire municipality from  2016_and 2025 To provide access to power and connect 38 households (annually)  from  2016 and 2018;
  7. To upgrade / provide access to potable water to 34 households (annually) from  2016_and 2018;
  8. To upgrade / provide sanitation facility to 1,807 households (annually) from  2016_and 2018.
  9. To ensure proper garbage disposal of all households ;
  10. To facilitate access to employment and income generating activities of 3,636 household-beneficiaries .

1.5 Target Population.  The target population that the LSP addresses constitute the backlog households, and households due to the future need.

Target Population subject for the 10 year shelter plan are those backlog having 1,064 HH’s found along national highway affected with road widening, 28 HH as computed and resulted from double up or HHs sharers, 0 (Zero ) HH from the homeless and the future need having 2,544 HH due to population growth which made up of 3,636 households as the target population and considered as informal settlers from year 2016 to 2025.

The informal settlers are the primary beneficiary of the municipal government shelter program  and so far,  majority of them have marginal and informal sources of income.

Household Affected due to the ff: No. of House Hold(HH)
1.Duoble up (.27% of House Hold) 28
 

             2.Homeless

0
            3.Displaced 1,064
 

           4.Population Growth

2,544
Total 3,636

 

Thesis / Dissertation of Disruptive Behavior of Children – Foreign Sudies

Thesis / Dissertation of Disruptive Behavior of Children – Foreign Sudies

THE EFFECTS OF DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR TO THE SCHOOL PERFORMANCE OF GRADE IV & V PUPILS IN CABANGLASAN DISTRICT

Click here to guide you by Chapters – CHAPTER I; CHAPTER IICHAPTER IIIChapter IVChapter V

IntroductionConceptual FrameworkSchematic DiagramStatement of the Problem; Null HypothesisSignificance of the StudyScope & Delimitation;

CHAPTER II – Review of Related Literature and Studies

This chapter presents the review of related literature which guided the researcher in the conduct of this study. The literature will be taken from the relevant materials to give the necessary background; insight and to supplement the ideas in the present investigation.

Foreign Studies

Range of Violent Behavior; Scott S; Knapp M; Henderson J;  Maughan B: Financial cost of social exclusion: follow up study of antisocial children into  adulthood.  BMJ   2010; Disruptive behavior were in the form of overt inattentiveness, misbehavior, tardiness and laziness at school.  There are also children and adolescents that had a wide range of behaviors: explosive temper tantrums, physical aggression, sleeping, reading of papers or any magazines or books not related to the subject matters that was taken on that specific time.

The above mentioned outward expressions of children having disruptive behavior are related to the present study because children who have this kind of character shown at school will disrupt not only the teachers but also the doer themselves and all the individual present in the room.

Mental Health Association America, 2005 NMHA is a national organization dedicated promoting mental health through education and advocacy. What can be done if a child shows disruptive behavior?

The goals of treatment typically focus on helping the child to: learn how to control his/her anger; express anger and frustrations in appropriate ways; be responsible for his/her actions; and accept consequences. In addition, family conflicts, school problems, and community issues must be addressed.

Barton, P.E.2009, reported from his study that each child arrives in the world with a particular profile of temperamental traits, for example, getting excited quickly compared with being really laid back , being very active and restless compared with being placid and relaxed, and seeking out stimulation compared with shrinking from stimulation. Different temperamental traits drive different kinds of behavior. For example a child who is easily excitable may have more temper outbursts than a child who is very placid.

Kim-Cohen  J;  Caspi  A;  Moffitt  TE;  Harrington  HL;  Milne  BJ;  Poulton R: What are the “warning signs” for violent behavior in children?Kim Cohen  J;  Caspi  A;  Moffitt  TE;  Harrington  HL;  Milne  BJ;  Poulton  R:  Prior juvenile diagnoses in adults with mental disorder: developmental follow-back of a prospective-longitudinal cohort.  Arch Gen Psychiatry   2005;

Children who have several risk factors  showed  the following behaviors should be carefully evaluated: intense anger, frequent loss of temper or blow-ups, extreme irritability, extreme impulsiveness, becoming easily frustrated.   Parents, teachers and institutions dealing with children such as school administrators will go hand in hand to understand and find ways to minimize such behavior.

Evidenced-based parent programs for reducing disruptive behavior in Children; Author: Ph.D. Candidate Gavita Oanalex, 2010 – The study is related to the study because it relates the cause and effect of disruptive behavior and it stressed that poor parenting practices are related to disruptive behaviors, while positive parenting practices are protective factors. Indeed, parents who engaged in more negative parenting practices, such as the use of harsh and inconsistent discipline, often report higher externalizing and internalizing problems in both children and adolescents.

(Burke et al., 2006; and Frick, 1994) has a study that children’s disruptive behavior has been linked with different aspects of parenting practices, such as monitoring, harassing and inconsistent discipline, etc. Wasserman et al., 2002, found out that punitive discipline of parents has been found to be a common risk factor for children with oppositional, aggressive, hyperactive, and internalizing behaviors.

           (Burke et al., 2002),has a study that physically aggressive punishment seems to be linked to child aggression, while low parental warmth/involvement was associated to oppositional child behavior.

Review of Related Literature and Studies in Chapter 2, click below:

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Foreign Studies

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Gender & Parents Intervention

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Overt Inattentive

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Tardiness and Laziness

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Misbehavior

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Local Studies) – Aggressiveness

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Local Studies) –Economic Background & Justification

Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY – Chapter 2 – Family

Click here to guide you by chapters – Chapter IChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

teenage preg 3.jpg

Click more parts of Chapter 2⇒ FamilyCommunityChurch Involvement;  Peers;  Media;  Effects of Pregnancy and Justification

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CHAPTER 2

 Review of Related Literature and Studies

This chapter presents the review of related literature which guided the researcher in the conduct of this study.  The literature will be taken from the relevant materials to give the necessary background, insight and to supplement the ideas  in the present investigation.

The tremendous speed of technological innovations requires, that the teenagers keep pace to the present-day changes.   Such as teenagers in the Philippine must be protected against the increasing trend of teenage pregnancy as it happened on this  latest decade.   And another decades of the same trend is already detrimental to the educational development of students and out of school youth in the country.  There are factors that trigger teenagers prone to be pregnant and that are Family,   Community   Church Involvement;  Peers and Media;

Family

In the Philippines,  the NSO 2013, data showed that 13-14 percent  of all registered marriages are among teenagers below 20 years old while data from the National Youth Commission  show that the rate of teen pregnancy in the country is among the highest in the ASEAN region and the only country where the rate is increasing. The global issue of teen pregnancy is  the reason why the annual celebration of  World Population Day —  July 11 — lead by UNFPA, focuses on addressing teen pregnancy.  Benjamin de Leon, president of the Forum for Family Planning and Development in the Philippines, an NGO working on adolescent health issues, expressed alarm that almost 10 percent of all Filipino women aged 15-19 have already given birth. “This is a reality that we must address, he said.There is an urgency for all sectors “to work together to help address adolescent reproductive health issues and teen pregnancy because of the health and economic implications to the country,” he said. “A high rate of teen pregnancy also means a high risk for maternal deaths among our young girls.”

The Philippines joins the rest of the world in calling the attention of Government and civil society groups to help address  rising teen pregnancies through better policies, improved education and information campaigns and programs that can reach our adolescents  in schools, in communities or wherever they may be,” de Leon said. In here he points out that every Filipino family,community, church involvement and peers of a teenager has a great role on this.

Domini Torivillas  (The Philippine Star) updated July 11, 2013.   There is evidence supporting the Reproductive Health Law that calls for sexuality education  among young students. Not that for teachingthe kids to engage in “safe” sex, but rather, for telling them why they should not engage in early sex, and yes, before marriage. With regulated sexuality education, the young are informed about sex, pregnancy, unplanned and planned, instead of through the internet or pornographic magazines that somehow manage to reach them. Peep into their rooms  and see copies of Playboy and  Pent house and other sexy publications tucked between the bed sheets, and  for-adults-only videos in the internet.   When the family disregard sex education at home, might one way that teenagers will be innocent about sex consequences and prone to early sex. The other one is when the family has poor values and can’t understand the need of teenagers economically, socially and emotionally might one reason too of teenage pregnancy.

.           Discover Questions in the Philippines”, July 14, 2013 (Online Survey). The factors that  triggers the increased of Teenage Pregnancy in the country are: Family problems, broken family/complicated family, peer pressure/bad influence, Media/Television/Movies-Influential Trends (regarding sex), Pornography, lack of attention, love, caring,  lack of moral values,  failure to nurture with good principle, Curiosity, Lack of Information about Sex (sex education), use of Illegal drugs, lack of Guidance, Prostitution (involves poverty), unintelligent decisions etc.

The main thrust of this study is to find out the factors behind the teenage pregnancy.   It is clear that some other factors on teenage pregnancy such as  peer pressure, media / movies or television, use of illegal drugs and Lack of Information about Sex (sex education) and some other factors are rooted or sprouted from 2 factors only and that are due to absence of  “Family Intervention”  and Educational Information about sex (sex education).

In here it was disclosed by ”Press release courtesy of DKT Reproductive Health Inc.”, 2012: that the National Statistics Office revealed that from 2000-2010, teenage pregnancy in the Philippines has increased by 65%, despite an almost 14% decline in teenage marriage in the same period. The increase was most  notable among girls aged 15 to 19, among whom live births rose 38% from the Family Health Survey disclosed that the primary reasons for teenage pregnancy are insufficient access to information about sexual health and reproductive health services specifically targeted at teens.

Actually the first access on Education of sex will start at home but in spite of campaign of Philippine government. Filipino families remain hesitant to open up sex to their children. Instead the government has find hard to implement sex education because of Filipino beliefs and values. (Billy & Brewster,2002),The family members of an adolescent exert considerable influence over his or her sexual behavior. Many aspects of family life influence a teen’s decision to become sexually active, use contraception, or continue with a pregnancy. Socio-economic status, family structure, parental attitudes, and parental communication and support all play an important role in a teen’s decision-making.Children of parents with low educational attainment, occupation and income are more likely to have sex at an early age, not use contraception consistently and become pregnant or cause a pregnancy.The values and behavior demonstrated by family members regarding sexual risk taking and early childbearing influence the teen’s own attitudes and behavior.

Parents with permissive attitudes about teen sex or premarital sex, or negative attitudes about contraception have children who are more likely to have unprotected sex and become pregnant .(Kim, Ridger, Harper, & Yang, 1974) Teens look to their parents as role models and very often reproduce their behavior. Therefore, it is not surprising that teens are more likely to initiate sex and become pregnant if their parents are having sex outside of marriage, cohabiting with a romantic or sexual partner, have had a child outside of marriage or gave birth as an adolescent.

Click to continue ⇒ Community

Chapter 2-Family

Chapter 2-Community;

Chapter 2-Church Involvement;

Chapter 2-Peers;

Chapter 2-Media;

Chapter 2-Effects of Pregnancy and Justification

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Chapter 1 On Thesis Making (Background)

 

 

How to Make Introduction or Chapter 1 Of Thesis Writing -Background

Steps on making the “Background”:  (Effects of Disruptive Behavior on the School Performance of Grade IV and V Pupils in Cabanglasan District.)

5.  The researcher must cite some existing previous study.  It must be stated whether there has already a study similar to the study chosen: See example below:

(This served as your  5th paragraph in your “Introduction”.  For 1st and 4th paragraph, please click this link  Chapter 1 On Thesis Writing (Problem-Rationale).

“Numerous research studies have concluded that a complex interaction or combination of factors associated with disruptive behavior leads the child and young adolescents to exhibit extreme disruptive behavior in the future if not given much attention.  Research studies have shown that these disruptive behavior can be decreased or even prevented at school, it will depend on the efforts exerted of the pupil, the teachers, and school administrators by improving their school facilities and policies.     Most importantly, efforts should be directed by the parents by decreasing or eliminating exposure of children to violence in home and community both financial for this is the usual reason why a certain pupil exhibited some sort of disruptive behavior.  (Fernandez, 2003, p 108).”

6.  Mentioned recommendation or contributions of some other studies to the existing problem. Such as this:

(This served as your 6th paragraph in your “Introduction” ).

         Many of the factors causing disruptive behavior disorders happen very early in a Childs’ life. It is important to recognize and act on the problems as early as possible. The Treatment that has shown the best results is a combination of: specialized skills training, behavior therapies to teach young people how to control and express feeling in a healthy ways and coordination of services with the young person’s school and other involved agencies.  Kazdin AE. Research design in clinical psychology 4th ed. Boston: Allyn& Bacon; 2003.” And with this:

7.   (This served as your 7th paragraph in your “Introduction”).

Rynders (2006) and Barton, Richard and Wenglinsky (1998) address an instructional method called “Character Counts!”, developed by the Josephson Institute of Ethics. “If children internalize the right values, and their actions are informed by those values, they will become responsible citizens in the school hall and school room, as they will in the community as a whole”.

8.  Mentioned that there has already identified cases of problem existed in the target area.

(This served as your 8th paragraph in your “Introduction” ).

“The Cabanglasan District Teachers are aware of the disrupted behavior showed by some of the Grade IV & V pupils  in where the children showed a wide range of behaviors: explosive temper tantrums, physical aggression, fighting, threats or attempts to hurt others (including homicidal thoughts), cruelty toward animals.     Thus disrupted behavior in schools of Grade IV & V pupils in Cabanglasan District occurs in many different forms, from taunting and teasing to physical assaults and destruction of property.”

“Even though disruptive behavior was just a part of growing up, but it affects to the school performance not only the pupil who did the disruptions and affecting too all the individual found in the school during classroom instructions.”

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How to Make Introduction or Chapter 1 Of Thesis Writing -Problem

How to Make Chapter 1 (Problem-Rationale)

The first part of thesis is called Chapter 1 and others preferred to call it as “Introduction”. Either of these two has all the same purpose. It is always refers to “The Problem”. “The problem”  comprises of  rationale and background.

Steps on making “Rationale”:  (Effects of Disruptive Behavior on the School Performance of Grade IV and V Pupils in Cabanglasan District.)

1.  Say something or introduced the chosen topic.

The researcher must relate the grounds of the topic in relation to his field study.   The necessity of the said topic must be clearly explained so that the reader can understand how important the study was. In as much as possible, the researcher must mention some references.  Below is the example of how to introduce  the topic entitled,  “Effects of Disruptive Behavior on the School Performance of Grade IV and V Pupils in Cabanglasan District.” (See below-part only of the said study – This  served as your  1st paragraph in your “Introduction” ).

“There is a great concern about the incidence of factors associated with disrupted behavior among children. This complex and troubling issue needs to be carefully understood by parents, teachers, and other adults.  Children as young as in elementary schools can show disrupted behavior.  Parents and other adults who witness the behavior may be concern; however, they often hope that the young child will “grow out of it.” Disrupted behavior in a child at any age always needs to be taken seriously. It should not be quickly dismissed as “just a phase they’re going through. (Rynders, 2006, p 216).”

2.  Present the first reason/point supporting that certain topic.

In the case of the above mentioned topic, “Effects of Disruptive Behavior on the School Performance of Grade IV and V Pupils in Cabanglasan District”, the researcher has decided to choose this topic for the fact that in their school, disruptive behavior has already affecting the school performance of the pupils doing such disruptions.  (See below-part only of the said study – This  served as your  2nd paragraph in your “Introduction” ).

“Pupils having disruptive behavior affect their school performance such as exhibiting inattention, pupils who have this kind of behavior usually did not listen to teachers, instead they did anything such as reading their books not relevant to their subject matters, or scrambling their bags now and then during class instructions.  That kind of behavior being displayed by pupils usually could not absorb their lesson resulted to low grades (Albano, Jr. 2003).”

3. Present the 2nd reason/point supporting that certain topic.

            The researcher has found another point on the above topic, and that was disruptive behavior disrupts classroom instructions.           (See below-part only of the said study – This  served as your  3rd paragraph in your “Introduction” ).

“Persistent tardiness and laziness” is one of among the numerous disruptive behavior that a pupil was doing especially in rural areas of developing countries, such as Philippines and Nigeria.  There were lots of reasons why children from developing countries exhibiting such behavior such as; the distance of homes of a child to the school in which the child needed to walk some kilometers every morning, when the child   arrived late, classmates will turn their heads to the late comers enough to disrupt class instruction. Another was when the teachers kept reminding the child of not submitting his assignments/homework or projects not on time or never submit it which delayed the teachers’ strategies on implementing her lesson plan for a target period of time. (Fernandez, R., 2008).”

4.  Present the 3rd reason/point supporting the same certain topic.

The researcher has found another point on the above topic, and that was disruptive behavior affecting not only the pupils doing it but also all the individual present the class.  (See below-part only of the said study – This served as your  4th paragraph in your “Introduction”.

“Disobedience, bullying, naughtiness and some other kind of disruptive behavior during classroom instructions will not only affects the one who did the disruptions but all the individual found in the class or in school who witness such behavior.  Disruptive behavior of pupils will affect the efficiency of the teachers during class instructions.   It also affects the concentrations and or interest of children to learn of a certain topic when there was presence of disruptions (Albano, Jr. 2003).” – To finish the introduction; make the 5th-8th paragraph by clicking How to Make Introduction or Chapter 1 Of Thesis Writing (Background) 

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