Thesis / dissertation of DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR OF CHILDREN – Introduction

CHAPTER 1

THE EFFECTS OF DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR TO THE SCHOOL PERFORMANCE OF GRADE IV & V PUPILS IN CABANGLASAN DISTRICT

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Click here to guide you by Chapters – CHAPTER ICHAPTER IICHAPTER IIIChapter IVChapter V

IntroductionConceptual FrameworkSchematic DiagramStatement of the Problem; Null HypothesisSignificance of the StudyScope & Delimitation

Introduction

Disruptive behavior of children is the common problem encountered by the teachers inside the classroom. Most of the time this will hamper the smooth flow of the teaching and learning process. This complex and troubling issue needs to be carefully understood by the  parents, teachers, and other adults.  Children as young as in the elementary schools can show disruptive behavior.  Parents and other adults who have children with such behavior were alarmed; however, they often hope that the young child will “grow out of it.” Disrupted behavior in a child at any age always needs to be addressed seriously. It should not be quickly dismissed as “just a phase they’re going through!” (Rynders, 2006,p 216).

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Numerous research studies have concluded that a complex interaction or combination of factors associated with disruptive behavior leads the child and young adolescents to exhibit extreme disruptive behavior in the future if not given much attention earlier.  Research studies have shown that these disruptive behaviors can be reduced or even prevented in school, depending on the efforts exerted by the pupil, teachers, and school administrators in improving their school facilities and policies.     Most importantly, efforts should be directed by the parents by decreasing or eliminating exposure of children to violence at home and in the community. This is the usual reason why a certain pupil exhibits some sort of disruptive behavior.  (Fernandez, 2003, p 108).

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Various researchers have introduced different character curricula in an effort to improve the negative behavior. A NBCT interviewees was quoted stating “if we want children to practice good character traits in school, we must teach children what is acceptable versus unacceptable behavior” (Brannon, 2008).

Instructional strategies that were implemented throughout the schools being surveyed were taught through modeling, discussion, role-playing activities and cooperative learning. There was also a focus on the notion that these strategies should be practiced at home in addition to the classroom, mainly because adults in a child’s life, whether he may be a teacher or a family member served as role models for children.

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Rynders (2006) and Barton, Richard and Wenglinsky (1998) addressed an instructional method called “Character Counts!”, developed by the Josephson Institute of Ethics stated that. “If children internalize the right values, and their actions are informed by those values, they will become responsible citizens in the school hall and school room, as they will in the community as a whole”.

(Barton et al., 1998, p. 35). The program known as the six pillars of character are presented: trustworthiness, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring, and citizenship. According to the “Character Counts!” website, a school in Montcalm County, Michigan has seen a decline in discipline referrals over two years (Rynders, 2006, p.216). Once children learn about character and how to develop it within, they want to become better individuals.

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The Cabanglasan District Teachers are aware of the disrupted behaviors shown by some of the Grade IV & V pupils wherein they showed a wide range of behaviors such as: explosive temper tantrums, physical aggression, fighting, threats or attempts to hurt others (including homicidal thoughts), cruelty toward animals, taunting and teasing to physical assaults and destruction of property. Whenever disruptive behavior occurs at school, whether in the form of physical assault or emotional abuse, the learning process is disrupted, not only for the children directly involved but for teachers and children bystanders (Daniel L.4 Smallwood . . .)

Many of the factors causing disruptive behavior disorders happen very early in a Childs’ life. It is important to recognize and act on  the problems as early as possible. The Treatment that has shown the best results is a combination of: specialized skills training, behavior therapies to teach young people how to control and express feeling in a healthy ways and coordination of services with the young person’s school and other involved agencies.  Kazdin AE. Research design in clinical psychology 4th ed. Boston: Allyn& Bacon; 2003.

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The government introduced and formulates acts to protect child rights and Department of Social Worker and Development (DSWD) is the lead agency to look into this.  The“PantawidPamilyangPilino Program (4Ps)”, is one of these where in the government will not just share the financial support to the children but it educates the parents as well on how to care, understand and protect their children. In spite of all these, some children are still exposed to some factors either at home and in the community that triggers them to have disrupted behavior which affected their school performance.

This study, did not only focused on the performance of the pupils’ having disruptive behavior  to measure how far the factors associated with disruptive behavior affects the school performance of the Grade IV & V pupils in Cabanglasan District.

To continue click the following parts of Chapter 1:

Chapter 1 (Disruptive Behavior) –Introduction;

Chapter 1 (Disruptive Behavior) – Conceptual Framework;

Chapter 1 (Disruptive Behavior) – Schematic Diagram;

Chapter 1 (Disruptive Behavior) – Statement of the Problem;

Chapter 1 (Disruptive Behavior) – Null Hypothesis

Chapter 1 (Disruptive Behavior) – Significance of the Study;

Chapter 1 (Disruptive Behavior) – Scope & Delimitation & Operational Definitions of Terms

Click the following to locate the questionnaire for the respondents of this thesis:

Questionnaire  1

Questionnaire 2

Questionnaire 3

Questionnaire 4

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Thesis / Dissertation of Disruptive Behavior of Children – Foreign Sudies

Thesis / Dissertation of Disruptive Behavior of Children – Foreign Sudies

THE EFFECTS OF DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR TO THE SCHOOL PERFORMANCE OF GRADE IV & V PUPILS IN CABANGLASAN DISTRICT

Click here to guide you by Chapters – CHAPTER I; CHAPTER IICHAPTER IIIChapter IVChapter V

IntroductionConceptual FrameworkSchematic DiagramStatement of the Problem; Null HypothesisSignificance of the StudyScope & Delimitation;

CHAPTER II – Review of Related Literature and Studies

This chapter presents the review of related literature which guided the researcher in the conduct of this study. The literature will be taken from the relevant materials to give the necessary background; insight and to supplement the ideas in the present investigation.

Foreign Studies

Range of Violent Behavior; Scott S; Knapp M; Henderson J;  Maughan B: Financial cost of social exclusion: follow up study of antisocial children into  adulthood.  BMJ   2010; Disruptive behavior were in the form of overt inattentiveness, misbehavior, tardiness and laziness at school.  There are also children and adolescents that had a wide range of behaviors: explosive temper tantrums, physical aggression, sleeping, reading of papers or any magazines or books not related to the subject matters that was taken on that specific time.

The above mentioned outward expressions of children having disruptive behavior are related to the present study because children who have this kind of character shown at school will disrupt not only the teachers but also the doer themselves and all the individual present in the room.

Mental Health Association America, 2005 NMHA is a national organization dedicated promoting mental health through education and advocacy. What can be done if a child shows disruptive behavior?

The goals of treatment typically focus on helping the child to: learn how to control his/her anger; express anger and frustrations in appropriate ways; be responsible for his/her actions; and accept consequences. In addition, family conflicts, school problems, and community issues must be addressed.

Barton, P.E.2009, reported from his study that each child arrives in the world with a particular profile of temperamental traits, for example, getting excited quickly compared with being really laid back , being very active and restless compared with being placid and relaxed, and seeking out stimulation compared with shrinking from stimulation. Different temperamental traits drive different kinds of behavior. For example a child who is easily excitable may have more temper outbursts than a child who is very placid.

Kim-Cohen  J;  Caspi  A;  Moffitt  TE;  Harrington  HL;  Milne  BJ;  Poulton R: What are the “warning signs” for violent behavior in children?Kim Cohen  J;  Caspi  A;  Moffitt  TE;  Harrington  HL;  Milne  BJ;  Poulton  R:  Prior juvenile diagnoses in adults with mental disorder: developmental follow-back of a prospective-longitudinal cohort.  Arch Gen Psychiatry   2005;

Children who have several risk factors  showed  the following behaviors should be carefully evaluated: intense anger, frequent loss of temper or blow-ups, extreme irritability, extreme impulsiveness, becoming easily frustrated.   Parents, teachers and institutions dealing with children such as school administrators will go hand in hand to understand and find ways to minimize such behavior.

Evidenced-based parent programs for reducing disruptive behavior in Children; Author: Ph.D. Candidate Gavita Oanalex, 2010 – The study is related to the study because it relates the cause and effect of disruptive behavior and it stressed that poor parenting practices are related to disruptive behaviors, while positive parenting practices are protective factors. Indeed, parents who engaged in more negative parenting practices, such as the use of harsh and inconsistent discipline, often report higher externalizing and internalizing problems in both children and adolescents.

(Burke et al., 2006; and Frick, 1994) has a study that children’s disruptive behavior has been linked with different aspects of parenting practices, such as monitoring, harassing and inconsistent discipline, etc. Wasserman et al., 2002, found out that punitive discipline of parents has been found to be a common risk factor for children with oppositional, aggressive, hyperactive, and internalizing behaviors.

           (Burke et al., 2002),has a study that physically aggressive punishment seems to be linked to child aggression, while low parental warmth/involvement was associated to oppositional child behavior.

Review of Related Literature and Studies in Chapter 2, click below:

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Foreign Studies

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Gender & Parents Intervention

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Overt Inattentive

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Tardiness and Laziness

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Foreign Studies) – Misbehavior

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Local Studies) – Aggressiveness

Chapter 2: Disruptive Behavior (Local Studies) –Economic Background & Justification