Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY – Chapter 3

Chapter IChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V


Research Methodology

This chapter presents the research design, research locale, the respondents, sampling procedure, data gathering tools, the scoring procedure and the treatment data in the foregoing study.

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Research Design

Basically, this study employed a descriptive- qualitative research design. Certain questions were designed  to draw out responses on specific information regarding the future plans of the respondents despite the conditions that they are in.

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Research Locale

This study was be conducted at Maramag, Bukidnon. This municipality was be purposively chosen because of its accessibility to the researcher in gathering data for the reason that this municipality is developing and the researcher is concerned of the teenagers who get pregnant in the locality and are often the  topics of  the bystanders and acquaintances of the respondent who are affected with the sudden twist of their life situation.

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Respondents of the study

The respondents of this study were  be selected teenage students and out of school youth who got pregnant from the year 2009-2013 in Maramag, Bukidnon. They were chosen to provide vital information about the effects of teenage pregnancy to their educational development.  These respondents wereselected to generate information of the effects of teenage pregnancy and to

thefamily, community, peers and the church denomination where they are affiliated.

The respondents of the study are those whose ages range from  12 to 19 years old who got pregnant while still in school. Data about the respondents can be obtained from health centers, hospital, inquiries from friends and neighbors, co teachers and Municipal Social Welfare Development or (MSWD) office.

The local government has programs for the moral and economic development of the youth but still lacks implementation thus creating problems among teenagers.

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Sampling  Procedure

The method that was used in choosing the respondents was purposive sampling picking all the cases that meet the criterion.   The researcher will chose  purposive sampling, considering that the population of respondents is small and there are lots to consider on securing the respondents’ participation.   Furthermore, the victims might be ashamed to disclose their  experiences, some don’t want to refresh their  sad past chapter of their  lives, others have transferred to other place and there are still others that were  not be reached for comments.

All teenage students and out of school youth who got pregnant from the year 2009-2013 were involved and prioritized. The researcher  hoped to gather not less than 60  respondents all throughout the Municipality of Maramag, Bukidnon.

The Research Instrument

The researcher employed a self- made questionnaire to gather data of the present study Part I is the demographic profile of the respondents. This was included  their name, age, age when pregnant, name of school attended, educational attainment and the economic background of the respondents. The second part of the questionnaire deals with the causes of teenage pregnancy. Part III includes questions on educational development after pregnancy. And Part  IV is the questions on the future plans of the respondents.

Data Gathering Procedure

The researcher sought permission from the health centers in Maramag, Bukidnon to be given pertinent data of teenage  pregnancy cases for year 2009 to 2013. Further the office of the Municipal Social Welfare Development (MSWD) was requested to give information regarding cases of teenage pregnancy in the municipality.

Inquiries from barangay officials, friends, co-teachers, neighbors and relatives were also be considered in the possible search for respondents.

Once the researcher has identified a qualified respondent, she will personally approached  the target respondent and explain to her the study that the researcher is presently doing. The researcher also explained to her that her cooperation mean a lot for the success of the said study.

A researcher- made questionnaire was administered personally by the researcher.

Statistical Treatment

In the analysis of the data of the study, the researcher employed the following statistical tools.

Frequency and Percentage. This was  used to determine the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of age when pregnant, status, type of school attended and their economic background.

Average Weighted Mean. This was used to find out the extent  of Teenage pregnancy among the students and out of school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.

The t-test was likewise  used to test the significant difference of the extent on the educational development of teenage pregnancy when grouped according to age, educational attainment, status, type of school attended and economic background of the respondents.

Step- Wise Regression Analysis. Was employed to analyze which among the major causes of teenage  pregnancy greatly affect the respondents educational development.



Click here to direct you by chapters – CHAPTER I; CHAPTER IICHAPTER IIIChapter IVChapter V

CHAPTER III – Research Methodology

This chapter presents the research design, the description of the subjects/respondents, the sampling procedure that was used, the data gathering procedure, the administration of the instrument and the treatment of data.

Research Design

The researcher chose the descriptive research design, using survey as the main tool in gathering the data. These were qualitative data where its mean purpose was to determine the extent of factors associated with disruptive behavior of grade IV and V pupils. Data collection were taken from the respondents chosen by the use of random sampling. The conditions or relationships that existed, opinions that are held, processes that are going on, effects that are evident, or trends that are developing were described using the instrument. It primarily draws attention to the present although it often considers past events and influences as they relate it to current conditions.

Research Locale

            This study was conducted at the Municipality of Cabanglasan Bukidnon District of Cabanglasan school year 2013-2014. This was chosen because of  the convenience of the researcher in gathering data for the reason that the researcher is presently employed in the same municipality .

The Municipalty of Cabanglasan is geographically located at the eastern part of Bukidnon with a total land area of 26,230 kilometer ,composes of 15 barangays. It has 35 kilometers away from Malaybalay City Bukidnon. The Local Government Unit of Cabanglasan Bukidnon also helped in implementing some

projects through donations as partnership in the smooth delivery of  educational services to the community. The Parent Teacher Association (PTA) is working with the school as partners in achieving its vision and mission. Some of the school projects were funded by the PTA as one of the stronghold  of the institution in achieving its goals of quality basic education. Thus The Cabanglasan District has 26 schools with a total number of 194 teachers as indicated in form 3. 43 of which are the grade IV and V Teacher respondents having pupils with disruptive behavior. Attached in the next page is the table  showing the distribution of teachers by school.

Respondents of the Study

            The respondents of this study were the grade four and five teachers of Cabanglasan District, during the school year 2013-2014 .They were chosen to provide important information about the Factors Associated with Disruptive Behavior of grade four and five pupils in Cabanglasan District. These respondents were validated and generated with their classroom data on pupils gender, age, educational attainment of parents, and number of children in the family. The population of the respondents is small, so the researcher used the entire population and  targeted of not less than 2 teachers in every school found in Cabanglasan District  to cooperate with her study.

Number of Respondents by School of Cabanglasan District
Name of School No. of Teachers in Grade IV No. of Teachers in Grade V Total
 ANLUGAN E/S 1 1 2
.  CANANGA-AN E/S  1 1 2
.  COPINONAN E/S  1 1 2
 FREEDOM E/S  1 1 2
 IMBATUG E/S  1 1 2
 JASAAN E/S  1 1 2
 LAMBAGAN E/S  1 1 2
 MANDAING E/S  1 1 2
 OMALAO E/S  1 1
 PARADISE E/S  1 1 2
 TAGBACAN E/S  1 1 2
 TAGIPTIP E/S  1 1 2
 VALSONS E/S  1 1 2
Grand Total  22 21  43
  Scoring Procedure Used in the Study
Scale Limits Qualitative Description Qualifying Statement Interpretation
5 4.21 – 5.00 Always Occurred in all Situation Highly Disruptive Behavior
4 3.41 – 4.20 Often Occurred in many Situations Disruptive Behavior
3 2.61 – 3.40 Occasionally Occurred in few situations Moderately Disruptive Behavior
2 1.81 – 2.60 Seldom Occurred once in a while Less Disruptive Behavior
1 1.00 – 1.80 Never Not occurred at all Never occurred

To continue, click parts of the Chapter 3 of this thesis/ dissertation below :

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Research Methodology;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Research Design;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Research Locale;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Respondents of the Study;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Scoring Procedure of the Study

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) –  Sampling Procedure;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – The Research Instrument;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) –Data Gathering Procedure;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Scoring Procedure;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) –Statistical Treatment