Thesis / dissertation of TEENAGE PREGNANCY – Scope and Delimitation

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

Chapter IChapter IIChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

Introduction; Statement of the Problem; Null HypothesisSignificance of the StudyConceptual FrameworkIndependent and Dependent VariablesScope and Delimitation

Chapter I/Scope and Delimitation

The study is delimited to students who have been pregnant at their teens (12-19) years old and living in, Maramag, Bukidnon.The subjects were drawn to the students who have been pregnant and or have been a student on their teenager days and living in Maramag, Bukidnon. The study focused on the extent of major causes of teenage pregnancy which are family, peers, community, and church involvement, with the educational development of students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon. The perception of the teenager to the effects of major causes of teenage pregnancy were limited to educational development only. This was the dependent variables of the study. The dependent variables of the respondents indicate the effects of educational development among students in school and out-of-school youth. These are teenagers who got pregnant and pursued their studies in spite of the hassle of having in the school and having a child to rear. There are also teenagers who got pregnant tried to go to school and earned a vocation plus degree. While others did not. There are also teenagers especially out-of-school youth who never have the chance to go to school after pregnancy.

Chapter I/Definition of Keywords

The following terms are defined for smooth progress of understanding and clarity of the major concepts used in the study. Cause of teenage pregnancy- is the producer of an effect, result or consequence.

Economic Status– means family income, parental educational level, parental occupation, and social status community.

Educational Development– is the possible trend, progress on their school performance of students or out-of-school youth/teenagers who have been pregnant.

Effect of teenage pregnancy– means a result brought about by premarital sex at the age of 13 to 19 years old in relation to her educational development. Out-of-school youth  – are youth aged 13 – 19 who are not in school and who are unemployed, underemployed, or lacking basic skills.

Peers of teenagers – means were teenagers having an age of 13 to 19 who is equal to another in abilities, qualification, age, background, and social status.  

Sex Education – means learning the external conditions such as psychological, sociological, economic and social factors that affect the personality, behavior and development of a boy to manhood and fatherhood and a girl to motherhood as well as with human reproduction.

Teenage Pregnancy -means conception by a girl between the ages of twelve  (12) and nineteen (19) year old which was not planned for.

Chapter I – Statement of the Problem

Chapter I – Null Hypothesis

Chapter I – Significance of the Study

Chapter I – Conceptual Framework;

Chapter – Independent and Dependent Variables

Chapter – Scope and Delimitation

Chapter – Definition of Terms

Helping, Guiding and Coaching You On Your Thesis Making;

Steps on making the “Background

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Thesis / dissertation of DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR OF KIDS OR CHILDREN: Chapter III

Click here to direct you by chapters – CHAPTER I; CHAPTER IICHAPTER IIIChapter IVChapter V

CHAPTER III – Research Methodology

This chapter presents the research design, the description of the subjects/respondents, the sampling procedure that was used, the data gathering procedure, the administration of the instrument and the treatment of data.

Research Design

The researcher chose the descriptive research design, using survey as the main tool in gathering the data. These were qualitative data where its mean purpose was to determine the extent of factors associated with disruptive behavior of grade IV and V pupils. Data collection were taken from the respondents chosen by the use of random sampling. The conditions or relationships that existed, opinions that are held, processes that are going on, effects that are evident, or trends that are developing were described using the instrument. It primarily draws attention to the present although it often considers past events and influences as they relate it to current conditions.

Research Locale

            This study was conducted at the Municipality of Cabanglasan Bukidnon District of Cabanglasan school year 2013-2014. This was chosen because of  the convenience of the researcher in gathering data for the reason that the researcher is presently employed in the same municipality .

The Municipalty of Cabanglasan is geographically located at the eastern part of Bukidnon with a total land area of 26,230 kilometer ,composes of 15 barangays. It has 35 kilometers away from Malaybalay City Bukidnon. The Local Government Unit of Cabanglasan Bukidnon also helped in implementing some

projects through donations as partnership in the smooth delivery of  educational services to the community. The Parent Teacher Association (PTA) is working with the school as partners in achieving its vision and mission. Some of the school projects were funded by the PTA as one of the stronghold  of the institution in achieving its goals of quality basic education. Thus The Cabanglasan District has 26 schools with a total number of 194 teachers as indicated in form 3. 43 of which are the grade IV and V Teacher respondents having pupils with disruptive behavior. Attached in the next page is the table  showing the distribution of teachers by school.

Respondents of the Study

            The respondents of this study were the grade four and five teachers of Cabanglasan District, during the school year 2013-2014 .They were chosen to provide important information about the Factors Associated with Disruptive Behavior of grade four and five pupils in Cabanglasan District. These respondents were validated and generated with their classroom data on pupils gender, age, educational attainment of parents, and number of children in the family. The population of the respondents is small, so the researcher used the entire population and  targeted of not less than 2 teachers in every school found in Cabanglasan District  to cooperate with her study.

Number of Respondents by School of Cabanglasan District
Name of School No. of Teachers in Grade IV No. of Teachers in Grade V Total
 ANLUGAN E/S 1 1 2
 CABANGLASAN E/S  1 1 2
 CABULUHAN E/S  1 1 2
.  CANANGA-AN E/S  1 1 2
.  COPINONAN E/S  1 1 2
.  CROSSING MANDAING E/S  1 1 2
 DALUCATAN E/S  1 1
 FREEDOM E/S  1 1 2
 IBA CENTRAL SCHOOL  1 1 2
 IMBATUG E/S  1 1 2
 JASAAN E/S  1 1 2
 KUMALIWAT E/S  1 1
 LAMBAGAN E/S  1 1 2
 LUANLUAN E/S 1 1
 MAINAGA E/S 1 1
 MANDAING E/S  1 1 2
 MANGGAOD E/S  1 1
 MAUSWAGON E/S  1 1
 MIARAY E/S 1 1
 OLD CABANGLASAN E/S  1 1 2
 OMALAO E/S  1 1
 PARADISE E/S  1 1 2
 SAN VICENTE E/S 1 1
 TAGBACAN E/S  1 1 2
 TAGIPTIP E/S  1 1 2
 VALSONS E/S  1 1 2
Grand Total  22 21  43
  Scoring Procedure Used in the Study
Scale Limits Qualitative Description Qualifying Statement Interpretation
5 4.21 – 5.00 Always Occurred in all Situation Highly Disruptive Behavior
4 3.41 – 4.20 Often Occurred in many Situations Disruptive Behavior
3 2.61 – 3.40 Occasionally Occurred in few situations Moderately Disruptive Behavior
2 1.81 – 2.60 Seldom Occurred once in a while Less Disruptive Behavior
1 1.00 – 1.80 Never Not occurred at all Never occurred

To continue, click parts of the Chapter 3 of this thesis/ dissertation below :

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Research Methodology;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Research Design;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Research Locale;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Respondents of the Study;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Scoring Procedure of the Study

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) –  Sampling Procedure;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – The Research Instrument;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) –Data Gathering Procedure;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) – Scoring Procedure;

Chapter 3 (Disruptive Behavior) –Statistical Treatment